Contamination of animal food with chemical hazards may also lead to immediate or near-term obvious onset of illness, e.g., mycotoxins in large doses can be the primary agent causing acute health or production problems such as diarrhea, metritis, mastitis, or reduced conception rates in a dairy herd (Ref. 64). In other instances, the focus of the evaluation for chemical hazards would be directed to their long term effects, such as liver diseases in animals or humans exposed to aflatoxin over long periods (Refs. 65 and 66). Proposed SEC 507.33(c) would require that such chemical hazards be considered to determine whether they are reasonably likely to occur even if the chemical hazard occurs infrequently.
Physical hazards such as hard and sharp foreign objects that may be present in animal food can pose a health risk to the animals that consume the food. Hard or sharp foreign objects in animal food may cause traumatic injury, including laceration and perforation of tissues of the throat, stomach and intestine (Ref. 67). Although physical hazards may occur infrequently, under proposed SEC 507.33(c) the potential for severe consequences would require consideration of these physical hazards to determine whether they are reasonably likely to occur. Factors relevant to an evaluation of the severity of illness or injury caused by a physical hazard include the potential size of the object, the nature of the food, and whether the intended animal species or production class is susceptible to the physical hazard (Ref. 68).
Contamination of animal food with radiological hazards generally is evaluated for long-term effects such as the potential for cancer (Ref. 69). A significant radiation dose could be received as a result of consumption of animal food contaminated as a result of an accident at a nuclear power plant or other types of accidents (Ref. 69) (see also 63 FR 43402,
The purpose of section 418(b)(1) and (c)(3) of the FD&C Act seems clear, i.e., that the owner, operator, or agent in charge of a facility identify and evaluate known or reasonably foreseeable hazards for the purpose of identifying and implementing preventive controls to provide assurances that identified hazards will be significantly minimized or prevented and that animal food manufactured, processed, packed or held by the facility will not be adulterated under section 402 of the FD&C Act. The process of evaluating animal food hazards to determine which potential hazards require preventive controls must take into account the consequences of exposure (i.e., severity of illness or injury) as well as the probability of occurrence (i.e., frequency) to provide assurances that the animal food manufactured, processed, packed, or held by the facility will not be adulterated under section 402 of the FD&C Act. Proposed SEC 507.33(c) would implement this statutory direction.
5. Proposed SEC 507.33(d)--Effect on Finished Food
Proposed SEC 507.33(d) would require that, in conducting the hazard evaluation, the qualified individual must consider the effect of the following on the safety of the finished animal food, including:
Most Popular Stories
- 15 Myths That Could Ruin Your Hispanic Ad Campaign
- AIG to Create 230 Jobs in Charlotte
- General Motors Names Mary Barra as First Female CEO
- Russia Says Nyet to Canada North Pole Claim
- Bipartisan Negotiators Reach Modest Budget Agreement
- Justin Bieber Visits Typhoon Victims, Plays Concert
- Senate Dems Move Forward With Obama Nominees
- MasterCard to Split Shares, Raise Dividend
- New Obama Aide to Focus on Climate Change
- Obama Nominee Confirmed for D.C. Appeals Court