In this document, the Agency proposes standards to implement the requirement in section 103 of FSMA for the adoption of preventive controls in animal food facilities. This preamble provides information on
The document for the proposed rule for preventive controls for human food, published in the
Ensuring the safety of animal food is complex in light of several factors. Animal food is made for a wide variety of species, including animals from which human foods are derived, pet animals, and laboratory animals. Many animals consume one food as their sole source of nutrition. Therefore, the food that they consume must be nutritionally adequate or the food presents a safety hazard to the animals. Nutrient deficiencies or excesses can raise safety concerns. Because different species have different nutritional needs, certain quantities of a nutrient that are needed by one species of animal could pose a health risk to another species of animal. Therefore, safety issues for animal food can be raised not only by biological, chemical, physical, or radiological contaminates of the food that can cause animal or human health concerns, but also by nutrient deficiencies (or excesses) for the animals.
Animal foods are also handled in a wide variety of settings. Some foods are handled on farms or in feed mills. Other foods, like pet foods, are handled in homes and often in the kitchen. If the pet food is contaminated with a pathogen of human health concern, this could result in secondary contamination of human food-contact surfaces or human food. Humans could become ill from the pathogen through handling the pet food or through these secondary contaminations.
The discussion that follows explains current regulatory tools and other approaches the Agency has explored to address the safety of animal food for animals, the safety of food from food-producing animals consumed by humans, and the safety of humans handling animal food.
This proposed rule would implement needed controls for animal food. This proposed rule would also help respond to requests the Agency receives from international standard-setting organizations (e.g., Codex Alimentarius) and individual countries that ask feed-exporting countries to operate animal food safety systems with clear regulatory oversight.
A. Current Approaches to Animal Food Safety
The Agency's efforts to upgrade animal food safety in this country are continually evolving. Historically,
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