Additional considerations in determining whether finished product testing is appropriate are the intended use of the animal food; the types of controls the supplier has implemented to minimize the potential for the hazard to be present (e.g., whether the supplier has a kill step for a pathogen); the effect of processing on the hazard; and whether a hazard can be reintroduced into a food that has been treated to significantly minimize the hazard (e.g., Salmonella in dry or low-moisture pet food when a flavoring is applied after heat treatment).
For an extensive discussion on finished product testing and metrics for microbiological risk management, see sections I.F and I.G of the Appendix for the proposed rule for human food (78 FR 3646).
II. The Role of Supplier Approval and Verification Programs in a Food Safety System
An animal food can become contaminated through the use of contaminated raw materials or ingredients as evident by the large recall of pet food as a result of contamination of wheat gluten with melamine (see discussion in section II.E.1of the preamble).
The development of a supplier approval and verification program is part of a preventive approach. Because many facilities acting as suppliers procure their raw materials and ingredients from other suppliers, there is often a chain of suppliers before a raw material or other ingredient reaches the manufacturer/processor. To ensure safe animal food and minimize the potential for contaminated animal food to reach the consumer, each supplier in the chain must implement preventive controls appropriate to the animal food and operation for hazards reasonably likely to occur in the raw material or other ingredient. A facility receiving raw materials or ingredients from a supplier must ensure that the supplier (or a supplier to the supplier) has implemented preventive controls to significantly minimize or prevent hazards that the receiving facility has identified as reasonably likely to occur in that raw material or other ingredient unless the receiving facility will itself control the identified hazard.
A supplier approval and verification program is a means of ensuring that raw materials and ingredients are procured from those suppliers that can meet company specifications and have appropriate programs in place, including those related to the safety of the raw materials and ingredients. A supplier approval program can ensure a methodical approach to identifying such suppliers. A supplier verification program provides initial and ongoing assurance that suppliers are complying with practices to achieve adequate control of hazards in raw materials or ingredients.
Supplier approval and verification is widely accepted in the domestic and international food safety community. The NACMCF HACCP guidelines describe Supplier Control as one of the common prerequisite programs for the safe production of food products and recommend that each facility should ensure that its suppliers have in place effective GMP and food safety programs (Ref. 14). Codex specifies that no raw material or ingredient should be accepted by an establishment if it is known to contain parasites, undesirable microorganisms, pesticides, veterinary drugs or toxic, decomposed or extraneous substances which would not be reduced to an acceptable level by normal sorting and/or processing (Ref. 15). Codex also specifies that, where appropriate, specifications for raw materials should be identified and applied and that, where necessary, laboratory tests should be made to establish fitness for use (Ref. 15).
Most Popular Stories
- Twitter Coming to Phones Without Internet
- Thad Cochran, 76, Seeks 7th Senate Term
- Warner Bros. Unleashes 'Hobbit: Desolation of Smaug' Merchandise
- Texas Chiller Moves East
- Consistent Hiring Points to Stronger Economy Ahead
- How Monthly Jobs Reports Move the Markets' Needle
- Entravision Initiates Quarterly Cash Dividend
- World Cup Draws: Coaches, Players Offer Insights
- WTO Makes Progress on Trade Deal
- Dow Jumps 200 Points on Jobs Data