(c) Responsibility for ensuring compliance by all personnel with all requirements of this subpart must be clearly assigned to competent supervisory personnel.
SEC 507.17 Plant and grounds.
(a) The grounds about an animal food plant under the control of the operator must be kept in a condition that will protect against the contamination of animal food. The methods for adequate maintenance of grounds must include:
(1) Properly storing equipment, removing litter and waste, and cutting weeds or grass within the immediate vicinity of the plant that may constitute an attractant, breeding place, or harborage for pests;
(2) Maintaining roads, yards, and parking lots so that they do not constitute a source of contamination in areas where animal food is exposed;
(3) Adequately draining areas that may contribute to contamination of animal food by seepage, foot-borne filth, or providing a breeding place for pests; and
(4) Treating and disposing of waste so that it does not constitute a source of contamination in areas where animal food is exposed. If the plant grounds are bordered by grounds not under the operator's control and not maintained in the manner described in paragraph (a)(1) through (a)(3) of this section, care must be exercised in the plant by inspection, extermination, or other means to exclude pests, dirt, and filth that may be a source of animal food contamination.
(b) The plant's buildings and structures must be suitable in size, construction, and design to facilitate maintenance and sanitary operations for animal food-production purposes (i.e., manufacturing, processing, packing, and holding). The plant must:
(1) Provide sufficient space for such placement of equipment and storage of materials as is necessary for the maintenance of sanitary operations and the production of safe animal food.
(2) Permit the taking of proper precautions to reduce the potential for contamination of animal food, animal food-contact surfaces, or animal food-packaging materials with microorganisms, chemicals, filth, and other extraneous material. The potential for contamination may be reduced by adequate food safety controls and operating practices or effective design, including the separation of operations in which contamination is likely to occur, by one or more of the following means: Location, time, partition, air flow, enclosed systems, or other effective means.
(3) Permit the taking of proper precautions to protect animal food in outdoor bulk vessels by any effective means, including:
(i) Using protective coverings;
(ii) Controlling areas over and around the vessels to eliminate harborages for pests;
(iii) Checking on a regular basis for pests and pest infestation; and
(iv) Skimming fermentation vessels, as necessary.
(4) Be constructed in such a manner that floors, walls, and ceilings may be adequately cleaned and kept clean and kept in good repair; that drip or condensate from fixtures, ducts, and pipes does not contaminate animal food, animal food-contact surfaces, or animal food-packaging materials; and that aisles or working spaces are provided between equipment and walls and are adequately unobstructed and of adequate width to permit employees to perform their duties and to protect against contaminating animal food, animal food-contact surfaces, or animal food-packaging materials.
(5) Provide adequate lighting in hand-washing areas, toilet rooms, areas where animal food is examined, processed, or stored, and areas where equipment or utensils are cleaned; and provide safety-type light bulbs, fixtures, and skylights, or other glass items suspended over exposed animal food in any step of preparation, or otherwise protect against animal food contamination in case of glass breakage.
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