"The polymeric sheath preferably comprises a plurality of colors along a length of the sheath in order to assist the physician who is performing the lithotripsy procedure to detect movement in the sheath and to assist in gauging distances. In this manner, the physician can determine not only when the second portion of the core element (corresponding to the curved or helical cone section of the core element) is deployed/expanded, but also the configuration of the core element during various phases of the lithotripsy procedure. In one embodiment, the polymeric sheath exhibits the standard color of a PTFE heat shrink extrusion with a colored stripe along the length of the sheath. As the medical device is manipulated, the relative size and distances of the wound sections of the helical coil can be readily determined by examining the spiral configuration of the colored stripe, which appears about the wound section of the core element. The striped color is also preferably selected to be resistant to and reflect laser energy so as to minimize damage to the polymeric sheath.
"The helical cone is adapted to ensnare objects of various sizes from within an anatomical lumen, e.g., a kidney stone from within a ureter. Superelastic properties of the helical cone can enable it to unwind and assume a substantially linear configuration upon being subjected to a pulling force along a longitudinal axis of the core element, such as when the helical cone is pulled within a catheter adapted to receive the core element, the wire, and the polymeric sheath. The cone can be pulled into an outer catheter when a captured stone or other object is too large to pass through the anatomical lumen without further fragmentation or other treatment. The helical cone substantially rewinds into its helical cone rest state when released and unrestrained by such a force.
"The substantially linear configuration of the helical cone when positioned within the catheter enables the catheter to retain a small diameter, which facilitates the placement of the catheter beyond the object in the anatomical lumen. Once the catheter is properly positioned, the second portion of the core element is pushed out of the distal end of the catheter where the helical cone substantially rewinds or expands back into*its tapered configuration. As discussed, the helical cone can be reversibly transformed into a substantially linear configuration when drawn into the catheter so that it can be repeatably positioned and deployed in more advantageous locations.
"In yet another aspect, the second portion of the core element forms one or more curved shapes in addition to the helical cone, such as another helical cone or a single loop. The single loop or curved element can be located near the proximal end of the helical cone in order to assist in the manipulation, extraction, or repositioning of the kidney stone or other object in the anatomical lumen. The second helical cone can be located near the distal end of the first helical cone so that if the first helical cone unwinds and is pulled into the catheter when a kidney stone or other object is too large to pass through the anatomical lumen, the second helical cone can serve as a backstop during the subsequent treatment procedure without having to redeploy the first helical cone.
"Regardless of the particular curved element employed, the curved element can be made of or include superelastic/shape-memory material that enables the deformation and reformation of the curved element as described above in connection with the helical cone. Similarly, the curved element can be wrapped entirely by a wire element, such as round or flat wire, or can be covered by a polymeric material as described above in connection with the helical cone. Those skilled in the art will recognize that the various wire wrapping and polymeric covering embodiments previously discussed in connection with the helical cone can be used as well for the curved element. The wire wrapping and polymeric covering techniques can also be common or different as between the curved element and the helical cone. For example, the first longitudinal portion of the core element can be wrapped in flat wire, while the curved element and helical cone are covered by a polymeric sheath. Alternatively, the first longitudinal portion of the core element can be uncovered, while the shaped portion(s) of the core element are covered with a polymeric sheath, which can comprise a plurality of laser resistant colors.
"The foregoing and other objects, aspects, features, and advantages of the invention will become more apparent from the following description and from the claims."
URL and more information on this patent, see: Teague, James;
Keywords for this news article include: Treatment, Biotechnology Companies,
Our reports deliver fact-based news of research and discoveries from around the world. Copyright 2013, NewsRx LLC
Most Popular Stories
- Twitter Coming to Phones Without Internet
- NASA Fellowships, Scholarships Bring Diversity to Workforce
- Dish Network Leads 2013 Top 50 Advertisers List
- Entravision Initiates Quarterly Cash Dividend
- Networks Vie for U.S. Hispanic TV Viewers
- Ad Counts Rise in 2013 for Hispanic Magazines
- Warner Bros. Unleashes 'Hobbit: Desolation of Smaug' Merchandise
- Shanghai Smog Forces Factory Shutdowns
- How to Arm Yourself Against CryptoLocker Virus
- Amanda Bynes Enrolls in California's FIDM