Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
Our Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations section discusses our financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in
the United States of America. The preparation of the financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results may differ from these estimates. Intangible assets Acquired patented and unpatented technology, licensing rights and trademarks are capitalized at their acquisition cost or fair value. The legal costs, patent registration fees, and models and drawings required for filing patent applications are capitalized if they relate to commercially viable technologies. Commercially viable technologies are those technologies that are projected to generate future positive cash flows in the near term. Legal costs associated with applications that are not determined to be commercially viable are expensed as incurred. All research and development costs incurred in developing the patentable idea are expensed as incurred. Legal fees from the costs incurred in successful defense to the extent of an evident increase in the value of the patents are capitalized. Capitalized costs for patents are amortized on a straight-line basis over the remaining twenty-year legal life of each patent after the costs have been incurred. Once each patent or trademark is issued, capitalized costs are amortized on a straight-line basis over a period not to exceed 20 years and 10 years, respectively. All research and development costs incurred in developing the patentable idea are expensed as incurred. The licensing right is amortized on a straight-line basis over a period of 10 years Goodwill Generally accepted accounting principles in the United Statesrequire the Company to perform a goodwill impairment test annually and more frequently when negative conditions or a triggering event arise. After an assessment of certain qualitative factors, if it is determined to be more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, entities must perform the quantitative analysis of the goodwill impairment test. Foreign currency translation Transactions in foreign currencies have been translated into US dollars using the temporal method. The functional currency of the Company's subsidiary 5BARz AG, is its local currency (Swiss Franc - CHF). Under this method, monetary assets and liabilities are translated at the year-end exchange rate. Non-monetary assets have been translated at the historical rate of exchange prevailing at the date of the transaction. Expenses have been translated at the exchange rate at the time of the transaction. Realized and unrealized foreign exchange gains and losses are included in operations. 17 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Impairment or disposal of long-lived assets
The Company applies the provisions of Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Topic 360, "Property, Plant, and Equipment," which addresses financial accounting and reporting for the impairment or disposal of long-lived assets. ASC 360 requires impairment losses to be recorded on long-lived assets used in operations when indicators of impairment are present and the undiscounted cash flows estimated to be generated by those assets are less than the assets' carrying amounts. In that event, a loss is recognized based on the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the fair value of the long-lived assets. Loss on long-lived assets to be disposed of is determined in a similar manner, except that fair values are reduced for the cost of disposal. Accounting for Derivatives The Company evaluates its convertible instruments, options, warrants or other contracts to determine if those contracts or components of those contracts qualify as derivatives to be separately accounted for under ASC Topic 815, "Derivatives and Hedging". The result of this accounting treatment is that the fair value of the derivative is marked-to-market each balance sheet date and recorded as a liability. In the event that the fair value is recorded as a liability, the change in fair value is recorded in the statement of operations as other income (expense). Upon conversion or exercise of a derivative instrument, the instrument is marked to fair value at the conversion date and then that fair value is reclassified to equity. Equity instruments that are initially classified as equity that become subject to reclassification under ASC Topic 815 are reclassified to liability at the fair value of the instrument on the reclassification date.