Effect of foreign exchange rate changes on
cash and cash equivalents (1,992) (6,488)
Net change in cash and cash equivalents (61,098) 367,126
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of
period 727,309 308,148
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $ 666,211$ 675,274
About Non-GAAP Financial Measures
TIBCO provides non-GAAP measures for operating income, net income and net income per share data as supplemental information regarding TIBCO's business performance. TIBCO believes that these non-GAAP financial measures are useful to investors because they exclude non-operating charges. TIBCO's management excludes these non-operating charges when it internally evaluates the performance of TIBCO's business and makes operating decisions, including internal budgeting, performance measurement and the calculation of bonuses and discretionary compensation, because these measures provide a consistent method of comparison to historical periods. Moreover, management believes these non-GAAP measures reflect the essential revenue generation activities of TIBCO. Accordingly, management excludes stock-based compensation related to employee stock options, amortization of acquired intangible assets, costs related to formal restructuring activities, acquisition-related and other expenses, non-cash interest expense related to convertible debt, gains and losses on equity investments, and the income tax effects of the foregoing, as well as adjustments for the impact of changes in the valuation allowance recorded against TIBCO's deferred tax assets when making operational decisions.
TIBCO believes that providing the non-GAAP measures that management uses to its investors is useful to investors for a number of reasons. The non-GAAP measures provide a consistent basis for investors to understand TIBCO's financial performance on a trended basis across historical periods. In addition, it allows investors to evaluate TIBCO's performance using the same methodology and information as that used by TIBCO's management.
Non-GAAP measures are subject to material limitations as these measures are not in accordance with, or a substitute for, GAAP and thus TIBCO's definition may be different from similar non-GAAP measures used by other companies and/or analysts. However, TIBCO's management compensates for these limitations by providing the relevant disclosure of the items excluded in the calculation of non-GAAP operating income, non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP net income per share. In addition, some items such as restructuring charges that are excluded from non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP earnings per share can have a material impact on cash flows and stock compensation charges can have a significant impact on earnings. Management compensates for these limitations by evaluating the non-GAAP measure together with the most directly comparable GAAP measure. TIBCO has historically provided non-GAAP measures to the investment community as a supplement to its GAAP results, to enable investors to evaluate TIBCO's business performance in the way that management does.