6. On June 28, 2010, the President released a memorandum entitled "Unleashing the Wireless Broadband Revolution." The 2010 Presidential Memorandum stated that "America's future competitiveness and global technology leadership depend, in part, upon the availability of additional spectrum." The memorandum stressed that there are few technological developments that hold as much potential to enhance America's economic competitiveness, create jobs, and improve the quality of our lives as wireless high-speed access to the Internet. Expanded wireless broadband access will trigger the creation of innovative new businesses, provide cost-effective connections in rural areas, increase productivity, improve public safety, and allow for the development of mobile telemedicine, telework, distance learning, and other new applications that will transform American's lives. The memorandum also stated that spectrum and the new technologies it enables are essential to the Federal Government, which relies on spectrum for important activities, such as emergency communications, national security, law enforcement, aviation, maritime, space communications, and numerous other Federal functions. It further stated that spectrum is also critical for many state, local, and tribal government functions. The 2010 Presidential Memorandum directed NTIA to collaborate with the Commission to "make available a total of 500 megahertz of Federal and non-Federal spectrum over the next ten years, suitable for both mobile and fixed wireless broadband use."
7. On June 14, 2013, the President released another memorandum, "Expanding America's Leadership in Wireless Innovation" stating that although existing efforts will almost double the amount of spectrum available for wireless broadband, we must make available even more spectrum and create new avenues for wireless innovation. The 2013 Memorandum further stated that where technically and economically feasible, spectrum sharing can and should be used to enhance efficiency among all users and to expedite commercial access to additional spectrum bands, subject to adequate interference protection for Federal users, especially users with national security, law enforcement, and safety-of-life responsibilities.
NTIA Fast Track and 1755-1850 MHz Assessment Reports
8. In response to the 2010 Presidential Memorandum, NTIA undertook a "fast-track" review of several bands that could be reallocated to mobile use, including the 1675-1710 MHz band and the 1755-1780 MHz band, and proposed exploring Federal/non-Federal sharing of the 1755-1850 MHz band. NTIA recommended that the 1695-1710 portion of the 1675-1710 MHz band be made available for non-Federal wireless broadband systems, subject to geographic sharing requirements based on "Exclusion Zones" around specified Federal meteorological earth station sites. NTIA deferred making recommendations concerning the 1755-1780 MHz band, however, because it could not complete its evaluation of the 1755-1780 MHz band by the October 2010 "fast track" deadline. NTIA then invited Federal agencies with operations in the larger 1755-1850 MHz band to assess the feasibility of relocating from the 1755-1850 MHz band within ten years and to determine whether their respective systems could transition out of the 1755-1780 MHz band within five years, the conditions under which relocation could be accomplished, and the costs associated with the corresponding relocation.