EDI200 is an ectodysplasin-A (EDA-A1) replacement protein, representing the first of a new class of molecules rationally designed to correct a specific developmental disorder. EDI200 has been shown to bind specifically to the EDA-A1 receptor, activating the signaling pathways that lead to normal development. EDI200 has demonstrated substantial and durable efficacy in animal models of XLHED with notable reduction in mortality and morbidity.
XLHED (also known as Christ-Siemens-Touraine Syndrome) is a rare disorder of development resulting from genetic mutations in the ectodysplasin gene (EDA). Patients affected by XLHED are at risk for life-threatening hyperthermia based on their inability to regulate body temperature, and for clinically-significant pneumonias resulting from their abnormality in respiratory secretions. Cardinal signs and symptoms in XLHED include diminished/absent sweat, reduced and abnormal airway secretions, few and often misshapen teeth, and absent or early hair loss from face and scalp.
XLHED patients surviving infancy are predisposed to atopy presenting with eczema and asthma, chronic sinusitis, recurrent nose bleeds, and dry eye complications. Almost uniformly they require dental interventions including early prostheses and later implants. Their susceptibility to hyperthermia, facial appearance, abnormal dentition and hair loss may impact normal participation in outdoor activities, sports and school attendance. Both medical and self-esteem issues are life-long in this disorder. As is generally true with X-linked inheritance, males are fully affected while females are variably affected.
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