13. Financial risk management
The Group's principal financial assets comprise: cash and cash equivalents, trade and other receivables, available for sale investments and derivative financial assets. The Group financial liabilities comprise: trade payables; other payables; and accrued expenses. The Group's financial liabilities also include interest bearing loans and borrowings.
All of the Group's financial liabilities are measured at amortised cost and their financial assets are classified as loans and receivables and measured at amortised cost.
The board of directors determines, as required, the degree to which it is appropriate to use financial instruments and hedging techniques to mitigate risks. The main risks for which such instruments may be appropriate are foreign exchange risk, interest rate risk, credit risk and liquidity risk each of which is discussed below.
Foreign currency risk
The Group's cash resources are held in GB pounds, Canadian and US Dollars and certain receivables and the Gold Loan are denominated in US dollars. The Group has a downside exposure to any strengthening of the GB pound as this would increase expenses in Canadian dollar terms. This risk is mitigated by reviewing the holding of cash balances in GB pounds. Any weakening of the GB pound would however result in the reduction of the expenses in Canadian dollar terms and preserve the Group's cash resources. In addition, any such movements would affect the Consolidated Balance Sheet when the net assets of the Parent Company are translated into Canadian dollars. The Group has a downside exposure to any strengthening of the US dollar as this would increase the amount repayable on the Gold Loan in Canadian dollar terms. This risk, however, is relevant only should the Gold Loan be repaid in cash under terms set out in note 8. Repayment is envisaged in payable gold which is denominated in US dollars. Exposure to this foreign currency risk has been mitigated since the commencement of production. Any weakening of the US dollar would however result in a reduction in revenue and receivables in Canadian dollar terms. The Group has not hedged its exposure to currency fluctuations.
The Group does not hedge its exposure of foreign investments held in foreign currencies. There is no significant impact on profit or loss from foreign currency movements associated with the Parent company's assets and liabilities as the foreign currency gains or losses are recorded in the translation reserve.
Exchange rate fluctuations may adversely affect the Group's financial position and results. The following table details the Group`s sensitivity to a 10% strengthening and weakening in the GB pound against the Canadian/US Dollar. 10% represents management's assessment of the reasonable possible exposure.
Equity 30 April 31 July 2013 2012 $,000 $,00010% strengthening of GB pound (8) 2410% weakening of GB pound 7 (22)10% strengthening of US dollar (1,856) (1,734)10% weakening of US dollar 1,688 1,576 -------------------------- --------------------------