To supplement our financial results presented on a GAAP basis, we use the non-GAAP measures indicated in the tables, which exclude certain business combination accounting entries and expenses related to acquisitions, as well as other significant expenses including stock-based compensation, that we believe are helpful in understanding our past financial performance and our future results. Our non-GAAP financial measures are not meant to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for comparable GAAP measures and should be read only in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP. Our management regularly uses our supplemental non-GAAP financial measures internally to understand, manage and evaluate our business and make operating decisions. These non-GAAP measures are among the primary factors management uses in planning for and forecasting future periods. Compensation of our executives is based in part on the performance of our business based on these non-GAAP measures. Our non-GAAP financial measures reflect adjustments based on the following items, as well as the related income tax effects:
•New software licenses and cloud software subscriptions, software license updates and product support and hardware systems support deferred revenues: Business combination accounting rules require us to account for the fair values of cloud software subscriptions contracts, software license updates and product support contracts and hardware systems support contracts assumed in connection with our acquisitions. Because these contracts are generally one year in duration, our GAAP revenues generally for the one year period subsequent to our acquisition of a business do not reflect the full amount of revenues on these assumed cloud software subscriptions contracts and support contracts that would have otherwise been recorded by the acquired entity. The non-GAAP adjustment to our new software licenses and cloud software subscriptions revenues, software license updates and product support revenues and hardware systems support revenues is intended to include, and thus reflect, the full amount of such revenues. We believe the adjustment to these revenues is useful to investors as a measure of the ongoing performance of our business. We have historically experienced high renewal rates on our software license updates and product support contracts and our objective is to increase the renewal rates on acquired and new cloud software subscriptions and hardware systems support contracts; however, we cannot be certain that our customers will renew our cloud software subscriptions contracts, software license updates and product support contracts or our hardware systems support contracts.
•Stock-based compensation expenses: We have excluded the effect of stock-based compensation expenses from our non-GAAP operating expenses and net income measures. Although stock-based compensation is a key incentive offered to our employees, and we believe such compensation contributed to the revenues earned during the periods presented and also believe it will contribute to the generation of future period revenues, we continue to evaluate our business performance excluding stock-based compensation expenses. Stock-based compensation expenses will recur in future periods.
•Amortization of intangible assets: We have excluded the effect of amortization of intangible assets from our non-GAAP operating expenses and net income measures. Amortization of intangible assets is inconsistent in amount and frequency and is significantly affected by the timing and size of our acquisitions. Investors should note that the use of intangible assets contributed to our revenues earned during the periods presented and will contribute to our future period revenues as well. Amortization of intangible assets will recur in future periods.
•Acquisition related and other expenses; and restructuring expenses: We have excluded the effect of acquisition related and other expenses and the effect of restructuring expenses from our non-GAAP operating expenses and net income measures. We incurred significant expenses in connection with our acquisitions and also incurred certain other operating expenses or income, which we generally would not have otherwise incurred in the periods presented as a part of our continuing operations. Acquisition related and other expenses consist of personnel related costs for transitional employees, other acquired employee related costs, stock-based compensation expenses (in addition to the stock-based compensation expenses described above), integration related professional services, certain business combination adjustments including adjustments after the measurement period has ended and changes in fair value of contingent consideration payable, and certain other operating items, net. Substantially all of the stock-based compensation expenses included in acquisition related and other expenses resulted from unvested options assumed in acquisitions whose vesting was fully accelerated upon termination of the employees pursuant to the original terms of those options. Restructuring expenses consist of employee severance and other exit costs. We believe it is useful for investors to understand the effects of these items on our total operating expenses. Although acquisition related expenses and restructuring expenses generally diminish over time with respect to past acquisitions, we generally will incur these expenses in connection with any future acquisitions.
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