The Abolition of Early Parole Act (Bill C-59) (Effective date: March 28, 2011)
This legislation abolished the system of Accelerated Parole Review for first-time offenders, which allowed those convicted of non-violent offences to obtain day parole after serving one-sixth of their sentence and full parole after serving one-third.
The Serious Time for the Most Serious Crime Act (Bill S-6) (Effective date: December 2, 2011).
This legislation ensured that a "life" sentence means life by repealing the "faint-hope clause," which allowed murderers to obtain early parole. Victims' families will be spared the anguish of attending repeated parole eligibility hearings and having to relive their losses over and over again.
The Protecting Canadians by Ending Sentence Discounts for Multiple Murders Act (Bill C-48) (Effective dates: March 23 and December 2, 2011)
This legislation helped ensure that each life taken is acknowledged in the sentencing process and that those who commit multiple murders will serve a sentence that more adequately reflects the heinous nature of their crimes. It allows judges to impose consecutive parole ineligibility periods on individuals convicted of more than one first- or second-degree murder.
The Tackling Violent Crime Act (Bill C-2) (Effective dates: May 1 and July 2, 2008).
This legislation strengthened the Criminal Code by imposing more effective sentencing and monitoring to prevent dangerous, high-risk offenders from re-offending. It included a reverse onus bail component that targets persons charged with certain serious firearms offences by imposing a "reverse onus" that requires the accused to show why he or she should not be kept in jail while awaiting trial.
The Increasing Offenders' Accountability for Victims Act (C-37) (Passage in Parliament, April 30, 2012; Royal Assent: date pending)
This legislation amends the victim surcharge provisions in the Criminal Code to double the amount that an offender must pay when sentenced, and to ensure that the surcharge is applied in all cases.
The Eliminating Pardons for Serious Crime component of the Safe Streets and Communities Act (Bill C-10) (Effective date: March 13, 2012)
This legislation eliminated "pardons" and replaced them with "record suspensions." It also restricted eligibility for a record suspension by eliminating it for anyone convicted of a sex offence against a child and those convicted of more than three indictable offences under certain circumstances.
The Protecting Victims from Sex Offenders Act (S-2) (Effective date: April 15, 2011)
This legislation strengthened the National Sex Offender Registry and the National DNA Data Bank by automatically including convicted sex offenders in the registry and making DNA sampling for convicted sex offenders mandatory.
The Response to the Supreme Court of Canada Decision in R. v. Shoker Act (Bill C-30) (Royal Assent: March 23, 2011, effective date: pending)
These amendments and supporting regulations will help control repeat criminal behaviour by ensuring that individuals comply with court orders prohibiting drug and alcohol use.
The Act respecting the mandatory reporting of Internet child pornography by persons who provide an Internet service (Bill C-22) (Effective date: December 8, 2011)
This legislation protects children from online sexual exploitation by requiring suppliers of Internet services to report online child pornography. It helps identify victims so they may be rescued, and improves law enforcement's ability to identify, apprehend and prosecute offenders.
The Increasing Offender Accountability component of the Safe Streets and Communities Act (Bill C-10) (Effective date: June 13, 2012)
These changes provide better support for victims of crime, increase offender accountability and ensure that the "protection of society" is the paramount principle of corrections and conditional release.
The National Strategy to Protect Children from Sexual Exploitation on the Internet - renewed and expanded in 2009
This Strategy supports increasing law enforcement capacity to investigate and track down predators; enhancing public education and awareness on the issue; and further research on child sexual exploitation.
Julie Di Mambro
Office of the Minister of Justice
Department of Justice
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