CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES
The preparation of financial statements requires the Company to make estimates, assumptions and judgements in the application of IFRS that have a significant impact on the financial results of the Company. Actual results could differ from estimated amounts, and those differences may be material. A comprehensive discussion of the Company's significant critical accounting estimates is contained in the MD&A and the audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2012.
CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
The Chief Executive Officer ("CEO") and the Chief Financial Officer ("CFO") have designed, or caused to be designed under their supervision, disclosure controls and procedures ("DC&P") and internal controls over financial reporting ("ICOFR") as defined in National Instrument 52-109 Certification of Disclosure in Issuer's Annual and Interim Filings in order to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of the financial statements for external purposes in accordance with IFRS.
The DC&P have been designed to provide reasonable assurance that material information relating to the Company is made known to the CEO and CFO by others and that information required to be disclosed by the Company in its annual filings, interim filings or other reports filed or submitted by the Company under securities legislation is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in securities legislation. The Company's CEO and CFO have concluded, based on their evaluation as of the end of the period covered by the interim filings that the Company's disclosure controls and procedures are effective to provide reasonable assurance that material information related to the issuer is made known to them by others within the Company.
The ICOFR have been designed to provide reasonable assurance that all assets are safeguarded, transactions are appropriately authorized and to facilitate the preparation of relevant, reliable and timely information. The CEO and CFO have evaluated and tested the design and operating effectiveness of Anderson's ICOFR as of March 31, 2013 and have concluded that these internal controls are designed properly and are effective in the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with IFRS. The CEO and CFO are required to cause the Company to disclose any change in the Company's ICOFR that occurred during the period beginning on January 1, 2013 and ending on March 31, 2013 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company's ICOFR. No changes in ICOFR were identified during such period that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect the Company's ICOFR.
It should be noted that a control system, including the Company's DC&P and ICOFR, no matter how well conceived or operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objective of the control system will be met and it should not be expected that DC&P and ICOFR will prevent all errors or fraud.
Oil and gas exploration and production is capital intensive and involves a number of business risks including, without limitation, the uncertainty of finding new reserves, the instability of commodity prices, weather and various operational risks. Commodity prices are influenced by local and worldwide supply and demand, OPEC actions, ongoing global economic concerns, the U.S. dollar exchange rate, transportation costs, political stability and seasonal and weather related changes to demand. The price of natural gas has weakened due to increasing U.S. gas production driven primarily by the U.S. shale gas plays. The large amount of gas in storage combined with strong U.S. gas production and financial market fears has continued to suppress the price of natural gas. Oil prices continue to remain volatile as they are a geopolitical commodity, affected by concerns about economic markets in the U.S. and Europe and continued instability in oil producing countries. Differentials between WTI oil prices and prices received in Alberta are volatile and dependent on factors including refining demand and pipeline capacity. The industry is subject to extensive governmental regulation with respect to the environment. Operational risks include well performance, uncertainties inherent in estimating reserves, timing of/ability to obtain drilling licences and other regulatory approvals, ability to obtain equipment, expiration of licences and leases, competition from other producers, sufficiency of insurance, ability to manage growth, reliance on key personnel, third party credit risk and appropriateness of accounting estimates. These risks are described in more detail in the Company's most recent Annual Information Form filed with Canadian securities regulatory authorities on SEDAR.
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