Tesla Canada was able to operate up to eight crews during the first quarter of 2013 compared with up to nine crews operating in the first quarter of 2012. While rates remained comparable to the previous winter, Tesla Canada saw reduced activity levels due to the previously reported cancellation or deferral of several significant projects during the quarter. Tesla Canada's gross margin was negatively impacted by the reduced revenues but gross margin percentage remained strong with high utilization of the Company's 3C equipment in the oil sands region.
Operations in the US were limited during the first quarter of 2013 with the Hawk system in Canada until early March when Tesla USA returned to work under its agreement with a multi-client geophysical company. Tesla USA operated three crews for most of the first quarter of 2012 on large 3D programs. Tesla USA's gross margin was limited during the first quarter and declined from the comparative period with the reduction in activity levels.
As expected, there was no activity for Tesla Trinidad during the current quarter compared to significant activity on the Guayaguayare program during the first quarter of 2012. Tesla Trinidad generated gross margin from recording and recognition of turnkey revenues in the first quarter of 2012.
Tesla International's revenues improved from the comparative quarter due to increased revenues from operations in Africa. During the first quarter of 2013, Tesla International completed a land and marine project in Tanzania, the land phase of a project in the DRC and began mobilization into Somaliland for a contract in the country. Tesla International also completed projects in Europe and the UK. The first quarter of 2012 included a full workload for the UK crew, the demobilization from northern Ethiopia and operations on a lake project in the DRC. Gross margins benefitted from the increased revenues and a heavier weighting of operational income. Cost overruns on demobilizations from the DRC and Ethiopia negatively impacted gross margin during the first quarter of 2012.
Tesla Offshore's activity during the first quarter of 2013 remained consistent with the first quarter of 2012. The first quarter of 2013 benefitted from significantly increased activity levels in the Gulf of Mexico for the geophysical division with a healthy backlog of both turnkey and day rate work. The first quarter of 2012 was buoyed by Tesla Offshore's support role on the project in Trinidad and the mobilization of the deep tow system. Tesla Offshore's gross margin was similar to the comparative quarter but was limited by poor weather conditions in the Gulf of Mexico. Gross margin during the first quarter of 2012 included a heavy weighting of lower margin support work on the project in Trinidad.
The Company's EBITDA decreased in the first quarter of 2013 compared to the first quarter of 2012 due to the decline in revenues and absolute gross margin along with a slight increase in general and administrative costs associated with increased business development expenses. The Company's consolidated net income also declined quarter over quarter due to the reduction in EBITDA and increased depreciation related to the Hawk system. This was partially offset by a corresponding reduction in tax expense.
The Company's working capital increased $13.5 million during the quarter to $16.8 million including net cash of $6.0 million. Operating cash flows and a $4.0 million draw on long-term debt during the quarter were required to fund increased working capital working capital requirements in certain jurisdictions, repay $1.3 million of regular finance leases, purchase $0.7 million of the Company's shares under its Normal Course Issuer Bid ("NCIB") and fund $2.2 million of capital expenditures. The Company also repaid $11.4 million on its operating lines of credit during the quarter.
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