This legislation will also reform the "self-defence" and "defence of property" provisions in the Criminal Code. These provisions have been simplified to make it easier to determine whether individuals who claim to have defended themselves, others, or their property should be charged with, or convicted of, a criminal offence.
The Protecting Canada's Seniors Act (Bill C-36) (Effective date: January 13, 2013)
The Protecting Canada's Seniors Act better protects seniors by helping ensure tough sentences for those who take advantage of elderly Canadians. Evidence that an offence had a significant impact on the victims due to their age - and other personal circumstances, such as their health or financial situation - must be considered an aggravating factor for sentencing purposes.
Preventing the Trafficking, Abuse and Exploitation of Vulnerable Immigrants Act (Bill C-10) (Effective date: July 4, 2012)
This legislation authorizes immigration officers to refuse work permits to vulnerable foreign nationals when it is determined that they are at risk of humiliating or degrading treatment, including sexual exploitation or human trafficking.
Justice for Victims of Terrorism Act (Bill C-10) (Effective date: March 13, 2012)
This legislation allows victims of terrorism to sue perpetrators and supporters of terrorism, including listed foreign states, for loss or damage that occurred as a result of an act of terrorism committed anywhere in the world.
An Act respecting the mandatory reporting of Internet child pornography by persons who provide an Internet service (Bill C-22) (Effective date: December 8, 2011)
This legislation protects children from online sexual exploitation by requiring suppliers of Internet services to report online child pornography. It will help identify victims so they may be rescued, and will improve law enforcement's ability to identify, apprehend and prosecute offenders.
Serious Time for the Most Serious Crime Act (Bill S-6) (Effective date: December 2, 2011)
This legislation ensures a "life" sentence means life by repealing the "faint-hope clause," which allows murderers to obtain early parole. Victims' families will be spared the anguish of attending repeated parole eligibility hearings and having to relive their losses over and over again.
Protecting Canadians by Ending Sentence Discounts for Multiple Murders Act (Bill C-48) (Effective dates: March 23 and December 2, 2011)
This legislation helps ensure that each life taken is acknowledged in the sentencing process and that those who commit multiple murders will serve a sentence that more adequately reflects the heinous nature of their crimes. It allows judges to impose consecutive parole ineligibility periods on individuals convicted of more than one first- or second-degree murder.
Standing Up For Victims of White-Collar Crime Act (Bill C-21) (Effective date: November 1, 2011)
This legislation cracks down on white-collar crime by toughening sentences for fraud, including a mandatory minimum penalty of imprisonment for frauds over $1 million, and by requiring judges to consider restitution for victims.
Protecting Victims from Sex Offenders Act (S-2) (Effective Date: April 15, 2011)
This legislation strengthens the National Sex Offender Registry and the National DNA Data Bank through the following fundamental reforms:
-- automatic inclusion of convicted sex offenders in the registry;-- mandatory DNA sampling for convicted sex offenders;-- proactive use of the registry by police;-- registration of sex offenders convicted abroad;-- notifications to other police jurisdictions when high-risk registered offenders travel;-- operational and administrative amendments to enhance registry operations; and-- amendments to the National Defence Act.