The study drew immediate opposition from the American Federation of Teachers, which represents 1.5 million teachers and other workers.
"Today's NRA proposal is a cruel hoax that will fail to keep our children and schools safe," said AFT President Randi Weingarten. "It is simply designed to assist gun manufacturers" to flood the nation with more guns and large magazine clips.
Hutchinson said the NRA dropped an earlier recommendation that retired police officers and other volunteers be armed to provide school safety. He said the idea encountered "great reluctance" from school superintendents.
The NRA had suggested the retired officer idea just days after the Newtown killings.
"The state of Ohio is ahead of the NRA because we already have crisis plans in place required by law," said George Long, business manager for Middletown and Monroe schools.
In partnership with respective law enforcement agencies, the Middletown City School District utilizes three school resource officers and one is used in Monroe Local Schools, Long said.
"School resource officers act as an extension of the police department and build relationships with students to offset potential crimes," Long said.
School officials have said working with police departments can help offset additional costs -- such as $57,427 paid by the Monroe Police Department to provide a school resource officer.
"Just like car safety has improved and home safety, so has school safety," said Long, who has more than 20 years experience in public schools. "Technology has allowed us to improve safety, and partnerships with cities."
Butler County Sheriff Richard K. Jones said the school districts and law enforcement agencies in Butler County work together in training so that responses can be uniform from one school to another. He said officers retain "muscle memory" by training in school buildings during times they are empty.
Jones' new Operation Safe Schools program is increasing police presence in schools by requiring deputies working on patrol to stop by each school in their assigned geographical area. He said this includes 30 schools in Butler County so far.
"You can't wait for the federal government to come up with these programs or give you free money," Jones said.
Long said he's pleased there's research being conducted on school safety, but added the school districts in Monroe and Middletown take their official cues from the Ohio Department of Education.
"We're always looking to improve security for our students; first and foremost is security so that education and learning can happen," Long said.
Warren County resident Joe Eaton, southwest Ohio chair of the Buckeye Firearms group, believes opposition to gun training for teachers and school staff is declining.
"More schools are showing a willingness to try new approaches, not just return the the knee-jerk reaction of the past that focused on restricting the ownership of firearms. That's a positive step," he said.
"The NRA program dovetails nicely with our educational initiatives. About 400 teachers from across Ohio attended our seminar on how to prepare for and prevent violence in the schools. Twenty-four teachers attended our first three-day Tactical Defense Institute and we've now raised funds to train 75 more."
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