Factors that could cause actual results of Brookfield Property Partners to differ materially from those contemplated or implied by the statements in this news release include, but are not limited to: changes in the general economy; the cyclical nature of the real estate industry; actions of competitors; failure to attract new tenants and enter into renewal or new leases with tenants on favorable terms; our ability to derive fully anticipated benefits from future or existing acquisitions, joint ventures, investments or dispositions; actions or potential actions that could be taken by our co-venturers, partners, fund investors or co-tenants; the bankruptcy, insolvency, credit deterioration or other default of our tenants; actions or potential actions that could be taken by Brookfield; the departure of some or all of Brookfield's key professionals; the threat of litigation; changes to legislation and regulations; possible environmental liabilities and other possible liabilities; our ability to obtain adequate insurance at commercially reasonable rates; our financial condition and liquidity; downgrading of credit ratings and adverse conditions in the credit markets; changes in financial markets, foreign currency exchange, interest rates or political conditions; the general volatility of the capital markets and the market price of our units; and other risks and factors detailed from time to time in our documents filed with the securities regulators in Canada and the United States.
We caution that the foregoing list of important factors that may affect future results is not exhaustive. When relying on our forward-looking statements, investors and others should carefully consider the foregoing factors and other uncertainties and potential events. Except as required by law, the company undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements or information, whether written or oral, that may be as a result of new information, future events of otherwise.
Basis of Presentation
This press release and accompanying financial information make reference to net operating income and funds from operations on a total and per share basis. Net operating income is defined as revenues from commercial and hospitality operations of consolidated properties less direct commercial property and hospitality expenses, with the exception of depreciation and amortization of real estate assets. Brookfield Property Partners defines FFO as income, including equity accounted income, before realized gains (losses), fair value gains (losses) (including equity accounted fair value gains (losses)), depreciation and amortization of real estate assets, income tax expense (benefit), and less non-controlling interests of others in consolidated subsidiaries, but before non-controlling interests in the REUs. The company uses net operating income and FFO to assess its operating results. Net operating income is important in assessing operating performance and FFO is a widely-used measure to analyze real estate. The company provides the components of net operating income and a full reconciliation from net income to FFO with the financial information accompanying this press release. The company reconciles FFO to net income as opposed to cash flow from operating activities as it believes net income is the most comparable measure. Total Return is defined as income before income tax expense (benefit) and related non-controlling interests, and represents the amount by which we increase the value of our common equity through funds from operations and the increase or decrease in value of our investment properties over a period of time. We believe that our performance is best assessed by considering these two components in aggregate, and over the long term, because that is the basis on which we make investment decisions and operate the business. In fact, if we were solely focused on short-term financial results, it is quite likely that we would operate the business very differently and, in our opinion, in a manner that would produce lower long-term returns. Net operating income, FFO and Total Return are measures which do not have any standard meaning and therefore may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies.
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