Level 3 fair value measurements have predominantly been valued by considering data inputs such as the last price the security was traded at, most recent bid/ask information, prices of similar securities with available prices, and comparison of yields of comparable investments. Accordingly, in the absence of any reasonably possible alternative assumptions, and except as noted below, it is not practicable to provide a sensitivity analysis.
For certain Level 3 investments measured on a discounted cash flow basis the value is imputed through forecasted cash flows and discount rates. The following summarizes the affect a change in assumptions would have on total net assets at December 31, 2012:
Increase by 5% Decrease by 5% ----------------------------------------Cash flow growth rate 198,972 (189,288)Discount rate (219,021) 279,418
Management of financial risks
In the normal course of business, the Company is exposed to various financial risks, including credit risk, liquidity risk and market risk (consisting of interest rate risk, currency risk and other price risk). The Company's overall risk management program seeks to minimize potentially adverse effects of these risks on the Company's financial performance by employing a professional, experienced portfolio advisor, monitoring daily the Company's positions and market events, diversifying the investment portfolio within the constraints of the investment guidelines and periodically using derivatives to hedge certain risk exposures. Further, the Company monitors the portfolio to ensure compliance with its investment strategy, investment guidelines and securities regulations.
Fair value risk
The Company's investments are exposed to market price risk and this risk affects the fair value of the investments. All investments have an inherent risk of loss of capital. The maximum risk resulting from investments is determined by their fair value. The Company seeks to manage valuation risks by careful selection of fixed income investments prior to making an investment and by regular ongoing monitoring of the investment performance of the individual investee companies. Due to the predominantly fixed income nature of the investment portfolio, the Company has minimal direct price risk. A 10% change in the value of the Company's equity investments (excluding warrants) would have a $869,643 impact on net assets, on an after tax basis.
Credit risk is the risk that a counterparty to a financial instrument will fail to discharge an obligation or commitment that it has entered into with the Company.
All transactions executed by the Company in listed securities are settled/paid for upon delivery using approved brokers. The risk of this settlement not occurring is considered minimal, as delivery of securities sold is only made once the broker has received payment. Payment is made on a purchase once the securities have been received by the broker. The trade will fail if either party fails to meet its obligation. Since the Company invests in high-yield debt instruments and derivatives, this represents the main concentration of credit risk. The fair value of debt securities includes consideration of the creditworthiness of the debt issuer. The maximum credit exposure of these assets is represented by their carrying amounts. This maximum exposure may be offset to varying degrees in each investment, based on the collateral held, if any. Collateral may include such things as a general security agreement over all assets, or specific security over specific assets. It may also entitle the debt holder to take over the overall business through restructuring of the investment.