--Sarah Battisti, Mr. Rendell's deputy chief of staff, who quit in 2010 to work for BG Group, a British gas company with Marcellus Shale gas holdings, where she was director of government and public affairs and co-chaired the Marcellus Shale Coalition's legislative committee. Ms. Battisti now works at the Bravo Group, a public relations company where she is head of the government relations section of the firm's energy practice. She is a registered lobbyist for The Energy Association of Pennsylvania, America's Natural Gas Alliance, Southwest Energy and UGI Energy Services.
--Eric Battisti, Sarah's husband and Mr. Rendell's senior deputy secretary for legislative affairs, works as a government relations specialist in Buchanan Ingersoll Rooney's oil and gas practice, where he lobbies for gas industry clients EQT, Williams Cos., NRG and Koch Cos.
--Barbara Sexton was DEP executive deputy secretary and helped persuade then-Secretary John Hanger to cut the state's Conservation District offices out of the gas drilling permit approval process because they were an obstacle to quick permit approval. She held the department's second-highest office from 2001 until she left in 2010 to take a job with Chesapeake Energy as director of governmental affairs.
--John T. Hines, at the DEP for 18 years and a deputy secretary for water management and later executive deputy secretary to Mr. Krancer, quit to join Shell Oil Co. as government relations adviser.
--Range Resources, Chesapeake Energy and Atlas Energy together also have hired at least four former well-site inspectors to work in environmental compliance and other aspects of their Marcellus Shale operations.
Mr. Hines, Mr. and Ms. Battisti, and K. Scott Roy did not return multiple phone calls requesting comment.
Kimberly Windon, a Shell spokeswoman, said Mr. Hines was hired because of his "wealth of experience" in state and regional policy matters and water management.
Ms. Sexton also declined to comment and referred questions to Jacque Bland, a Chesapeake spokeswoman, who refused to comment about Ms. Sexton's employment or answer questions about any company strategy for hiring state employees or benefits it receives from doing so.
Ms. Bland later issued a written statement that said, "Chesapeake hires the best people with the deepest expertise for every position, from geologists to engineers to public policy experts."
Matt Pitzarella, a spokesman for Range Resources, where Mr. Roy works, said the company's hiring of former government administrators is normal business practice. The firm had Mr. Rendell speak on its behalf in a dispute in Texas with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
"Our desire is to hire the best, the brightest and the most qualified, which in some instances may include individuals who previously worked as public servants," he said, noting that environmental groups also hire away state workers and administrators or have their employees tapped for positions in government.
Examples of that include George Jugovic, who was an attorney with Citizens for Pennsylvania's Future before serving as a DEP attorney, then southwest regional director from November 2009 through September 2011. The Corbett administration sought his resignation and he returned to PennFuture, a statewide environmental advocacy organization, as president and CEO.
Another is John Hanger, who was president of PennFuture when he was tapped by Mr. Rendell to become DEP secretary. He left office when Mr. Corbett was elected for a job at Eckert Seamans, a law and lobbying firm that represents the Pennsylvania Oil & Gas Association and is a member of the Marcellus Shale Coalition.
But that revolving door spins much more frequently between government and industry, said Jeff Schmidt, executive director of the Sierra Club in Pennsylvania and a longtime observer of the Harrisburg political scene.
When it occurs on the administrative and lobbying levels, it can drain experienced administrators from government, and result in reduced regulation and enforcement of industries, like oil and gas, where there are much more lucrative employment opportunities.
"There's a concern about people in state government providing favors to industries that might hire them, in effect helping to feather the nest they land in," Mr. Schmidt said. He also has concerns about former industry executives coming to government and being in positions to weaken or reduce enforcement.
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