Restructuring costs amounted to $10,702,000 in the twelve months ended November 30, 2012 compared to $716,000 in Fiscal 2011. Early in Fiscal 2012, we took steps to narrow the focus of our business by concentrating our efforts on EGRIFTA and on developing TH1173. The related restructuring costs were $6,176,000, which were mainly incurred in the first quarter. We announced further revisions to our business plan and related restructuring activities aimed at accelerating the process of becoming cash neutral in October 2012. The second restructuring resulted in fourth-quarter costs of $4,526,000.
Taking into account the revenue and expense variations described above, we recorded a net loss of $13,940,000 or $0.23 per share (including restructuring costs of $10,702,000) in the twelve months ended November 30, 2012 compared to a net loss of $17,730,000 or $0.29 per share (including restructuring costs of $716,000) in Fiscal 2011.
Our objective in managing capital is to ensure a sufficient liquidity position to finance our business activities. For the twelve months ended November 30, 2012, the use of cash in operating activities was $15,634,000 (including $4,325,000, representing the cash portion of restructuring costs) compared to $27,218,000 (including $664,000, representing the cash portion of restructuring costs) in Fiscal 2011.
As at November 30, 2012, cash and bonds amounted to $20,503,000, and tax credits and grants receivable amounted to $421,000, for a total liquidity position of $20,924,000.
Fourth quarter 2012 Financial Results
Consolidated revenue for the three months ended November 30, 2012 amounted to $3,899,000 compared to $4,410,000 for the same period in 2011.
Revenue generated from the sale of goods for the three months ended November 30, 2012 was $1,375,000 compared to $2,670,000 in the comparable period in Fiscal 2011. The decline reflects the procurement policies of EMD Serono. In fact, royalty revenues demonstrate that sales by EMD Serono to end-users in the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2012 were higher than those of the comparable quarter in Fiscal 2011.
Royalties were $1,656,000 in the three months ended November 30, 2012, compared to $671,000 in the comparable period of Fiscal 2011. The increase is due, in part, to growth in year-over-year EGRIFTA sales. In addition, the royalties reported in Fiscal 2012 include an amount of $699,000 based on management's estimate of the royalties earned on EGRIFTA sales in October 2012 and November 2012, for which the comparable amounts from last year were only recorded in the first quarter of Fiscal 2012.
Revenue related to the amortization of the initial payment received upon the closing of the EMD Serono Agreement was $868,000 for the three-month period ended November 30, 2012, compared to $1,069,000 in the comparable period of Fiscal 2011. The amortization amount in Fiscal 2012 reflects an extension made to the service period attributed to the initial payment in order to allow sufficient time for work that has yet to be completed.
Reflecting the decrease in sale of goods described above, the cost of sales for the three months ended November 30, 2012 was $1,323,000 compared to $2,018,000. The decrease in sales also resulted in higher absorption rates for fixed manufacturing costs resulting in a lower gross margin in the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2012.
R&D expenses, net of tax credits, amounted to $1,894,000 in the three months ended November 30, 2012 compared to $2,020,000 in the comparable period of Fiscal 2011. R&D expenses in 2012 were associated with pursuing the development of TH1173 and a new formulation of EGRIFTA, the two Phase 4 clinical trials, and helping our commercial partners to pursue regulatory approvals in their respective jurisdictions. R&D activities in 2011 included the discontinued Phase 2 clinical trial evaluating tesamorelin in muscle wasting associated with COPD, work on a new formulation and a new presentation of EGRIFTA, the development of novel GRF peptides including TH1173, as well as regulatory and clinical activities to support our commercial partners and to meet post-approval commitments made to the FDA.
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