Non-GAAP Measures (Cont'd.)
Results and measures in this MD&A are presented on a GAAP basis. They are also presented on an adjusted basis that excludes the impact of certain items as set out in Table 28. Management assesses performance on both a reported and an adjusted basis and considers both bases to be useful in assessing underlying ongoing business performance. Presenting results on both bases provides readers with an enhanced understanding of how management views results. It also permits readers to assess the impact of the specified items on results for the periods presented and to better assess results excluding those items if they consider the items to not be reflective of ongoing results. As such, the presentation may facilitate readers' analysis of trends, as well as comparisons with our competitors. Adjusted results and measures are non-GAAP and as such do not have standardized meaning under GAAP. They are unlikely to be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies and should not be viewed in isolation from or as a substitute for GAAP results. Details of adjustments are also set out in the Adjusted Net Income section.
Certain of the adjusting items relate to expenses that arise as a result of acquisitions, including the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets, and these expenses have been designated as adjusting items because the purchase decision may not consider the amortization of such assets to be a relevant expense. Certain other acquisition-related costs in respect of the acquired business have been designated as adjusting items due to the significance of the amounts and the fact that they can affect trend analysis. Certain other items have also been designated as adjusting items due to their effects on trend analysis. These include changes in the collective allowance and credit-related amounts in respect of the acquired M&I performing loan portfolio, structured credit run-off activities and restructuring costs.
Net economic profit represents net income available to common shareholders after deduction of a charge for capital, and is considered an effective measure of added economic value.
Pre-provision, pre-tax earnings is considered a useful measure of performance because it excludes the effects of credit losses and income taxes, which can at times mask performance because of their size and variability.
In the first quarter of 2013, adjusting items increased reported net income by $7 million after tax, comprised of a $79 million after-tax net benefit of credit-related items in respect of the M&I purchased performing loan portfolio (including $210 million in net interest income, net of an $82 million provision for credit losses and related income taxes of $49 million); costs of $92 million ($57 million after tax) for the integration of the acquired business; a $31 million ($22 million after tax) charge for amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets on all acquisitions; and a benefit on run-off structured credit activities of $7 million before and after tax primarily included in trading revenue. Adjusting items were charged to Corporate Services with the exception of the amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets, which was charged to the operating groups as follows: P&C Canada $3 million ($3 million after tax); P&C U.S. $20 million ($13 million after tax); and Private Client Group $8 million ($6 million after tax).
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