Other Value Measures
BMO's average annual total shareholder return for the three-year period ended January 31, 2013, was 11.8%.
Net economic profit (NEP) was $318 million, compared with $361 million in the fourth quarter and $434 million in the first quarter of 2012. Adjusted NEP was $289 million, compared with $380 million in the fourth quarter and $273 million in the first quarter of 2012. Changes in adjusted NEP relative to the first quarter of 2012 were attributable to the combination of increased capital and increased earnings. NEP of $318 million represents the net income that is attributable to shareholders ($1,030 million), less preferred share dividends ($33 million), plus the after-tax amortization of intangible assets ($22 million), net of a charge for capital ($701 million), and is considered an effective measure of added economic value. Adjusted NEP is calculated in the same manner using adjusted net income rather than reported net income and excluding the addition of the amortization of intangible assets.
NEP and adjusted NEP are non-GAAP measures. Please see the Non-GAAP Measures section for a discussion on the use and limitations of non-GAAP measures.
Q1 2013 vs Q1 2012
Net income was $1,048 million for the first quarter of 2013, down $61 million or 5% from a year ago. Earnings per share were $1.53, down 6% from $1.63 a year ago.
Adjusted net income was $1,041 million, up $69 million or 7% from a year ago. Adjusted earnings per share were $1.52, up 7% from $1.42 a year ago. Adjusted results and items excluded in determining adjusted results are disclosed in more detail in the preceding Adjusted Net Income section and in the Non-GAAP Measures section, together with comments on the uses and limitations of such measures.
On an adjusted basis, revenues increased by more than expenses, with particularly strong growth in non-interest revenue. BMO Capital Markets adjusted net income was significantly higher due to more favourable market conditions that contributed to strong investment banking and trading revenues. Private Client Group (PCG) results also increased significantly due to improvements in its Insurance results and growth in client assets. P&C U.S. adjusted net income improved from a year ago due to the benefits of reduced expenses and lower provisions for credit losses. P&C Canada's results were higher due to reduced provisions for credit losses and increased volumes across most products, offset in part by lower net interest margin. Corporate Services adjusted results were worse than a year ago, due to a lower recovery of provisions for credit losses on the M&I purchased credit impaired loan portfolio, higher expenses and lower revenues. BMO results benefited from a lower effective tax rate.
Q1 2013 vs Q4 2012
Net income decreased $34 million or 3% from the fourth quarter and earnings per share decreased $0.06 or 4%. Adjusted net income decreased $84 million or 7% and adjusted earnings per share decreased $0.13 or 8%.
Results in the current quarter were lower relative to the fourth quarter due to the $73 million cost of performance-based compensation in respect of employees that are eligible to retire that is expensed in the first quarter of each year, as well as increased employee benefits costs, which are typically higher in the first quarter of the year. On an adjusted basis, there was significant growth in P&C U.S. and more modest growth in P&C Canada, while results in PCG were unchanged. BMO Capital Markets net income was slightly lower due to a higher income tax recovery in the preceding quarter. Corporate Services adjusted results decreased due to lower revenue from a variety of items, including treasury-related items, none of which were individually significant. In addition, there were less favourable recoveries of credit losses, as discussed above, and increased expenses, including higher benefit costs and higher performance-based compensation in respect of employees eligible to retire, which are both typically higher in the first quarter of each year.
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