Revenue from operating leases includes revenue from the service of operating the assets as well as revenue for the lease of the assets. Revenue for the service of operating the assets is recognized on a units of production basis at the average unit price. Revenue attributed to the lease of the assets is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term, unless another systematic basis is more representative of the time pattern in which use benefit derived from the leased asset is diminished.
j) Research and development
Research and development costs are incurred in the design, testing and commercialization of Newalta's products and services. Research costs, other than capital expenditures, are expensed as incurred. The costs incurred in developing new technologies are expensed as incurred unless they meet the criteria under IFRS for deferral and amortization. These costs will be amortized over the estimated useful life of the product, commencing with commercial production. In the event that a product program for which costs have been deferred is modified or cancelled, the Corporation will assess the recoverability of the deferred costs and if considered unrecoverable, will expense the costs in the period the assessment is made.
The tax expense for the year comprises current and deferred tax. Tax is recognized in the statements of operations, except to the extent that it relates to items recognized in other comprehensive income or directly in equity. In this case, the tax is also recognized in other comprehensive income or directly in equity, respectively.
Newalta and its wholly-owned subsidiaries follow the liability method of accounting for income taxes. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are measured based upon temporary differences between the carrying values of assets and liabilities and their tax base. Income tax expense is computed based on the change during the year in the deferred income tax assets and liabilities. Effects of changes in tax laws and tax rates are recognized when substantively enacted.
Deferred tax assets are also recognized for the benefits from tax losses and deductions with no accounting basis, provided those benefits are probable to be realized. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the tax laws and rates that are anticipated to apply in the period of estimated realization.
l) Earnings per share
Basic earnings per share is calculated using the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is calculated by adding the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year to the additional shares that would have been outstanding if potentially dilutive shares had been issued, using the "treasury stock" method.
m) Stock-based incentive plans
The Corporation's stock-based incentive plans consist of stock options, stock appreciation rights and share units, and are granted to executives, employees and non-employee directors.
Newalta has three stock-based option compensation plans, the 2003 Option Plan (the "2003 Plan"), the 2006 Option Plan (the "2006 Plan") and the 2008 Option Plan (the "2008 Plan"). Under the option plans, Newalta may grant to directors, officers, employees and consultants of Newalta or any of its affiliates, rights to acquire up to 10% of the issued and outstanding common shares of the Corporation (the "Shares").
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