The Canadian operations of the Company source the majority of its products and major components from the United States. Consequently, reported costs of inventory and the transaction prices charged to customers for equipment and parts are affected by the relative strength of the Canadian dollar. The Company mitigates exchange rate risk by entering into foreign currency contracts to fix the cost of imported inventory where appropriate. In addition, pricing to customers is customarily adjusted to reflect changes in the Canadian dollar landed cost of imported goods.
The Company maintains a conservative hedging policy whereby all significant transactional currency risks are identified and hedged.
The following sensitivity analysis is intended to illustrate the sensitivity to changes in foreign exchange rates on the Company's financial instruments and show the impact on net earnings and comprehensive income. Financial instruments affected by currency risk include cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and derivative financial instruments. This sensitivity analysis relates to the position as at December 31, 2012 and for the year then ended. The following table shows Toromont's sensitivity to a 5% weakening of the Canadian dollar against the US dollar and the British Pound. A 5% strengthening of the Canadian dollar would have an equal and opposite effect. This sensitivity analysis is provided as reasonably possible change in currency in a volatile environment.
Cdn dollar weakens by 5% USD GBP----------------------------------------------------------------------------Financial instruments held in foreign operations:Other comprehensive Income $ 191 $ -Financial instruments held in Canadian operations:Net earnings $ 390 $ 5Other comprehensive Income $ 3,592 $ (26)
The movement in OCI in foreign operations reflects the change in the fair value of financial instruments. Gains or losses on translation of foreign subsidiaries are deferred in OCI. Accumulated currency translation adjustments are recognized in income when there is a reduction in the net investment in the foreign operation.
The movement in net earnings in Canadian operations is a result of a change in the fair values of financial instruments. The majority of these financial instruments are hedged.
The movement in OCI in Canadian operations reflects the change in the fair value of derivative financial instruments that are designated as cash flow hedges. The gains or losses on these instruments are not expected to affect net earnings as the gains or losses will offset losses or gains on the underlying hedged items.
Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to credit risk consist of cash equivalents, accounts receivable and derivative financial instruments. The carrying amount of assets included on the consolidated statement of financial position represents the maximum credit exposure.
Cash equivalents consist mainly of short-term investments, such as money market deposits. The Company has deposited the cash equivalents with reputable financial institutions, from which management believes the risk of loss to be remote.
The Company has accounts receivable from customers engaged in various industries including mining, construction, food and beverage, and governmental agencies. These specific industries may be affected by economic factors that may impact accounts receivable. Management does not believe that any single industry represents significant credit risk. Credit risk concentration with respect to trade receivables is mitigated by the Company's large customer base.