1. Significant Accounting Estimates and Assumptions
The preparation of the Company's consolidated financial statements in conformity with IFRS requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities, and the disclosure of contingent liabilities, at the end of the reporting period. However, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in outcomes that require a material adjustment to the carrying amount of the asset or liability affected in future periods.
In making estimates and judgments, management relies on external information and observable conditions where possible, supplemented by internal analysis as required. Management reviews its estimates and judgements on an ongoing basis.
In the process of applying the Company's accounting policies, management has made the following judgments, estimates and assumptions which have the most significant effect on the amounts recognized in the consolidated financial statements.
Property, Plant and Equipment - Depreciation is calculated based on the estimated useful lives of the assets and estimated residual values.
When determining the value in use of property, plant and equipment during impairment testing, the Company uses the following critical estimates: the timing of forecasted revenues; future selling prices and margins; maintenance and other capital expenditures; and discount rates.
Changes in circumstances, such as technological advances and changes to business strategy, can result in actual useful lives, residual values and future cash flows differing significantly from estimates. The assumptions used are reviewed on an ongoing basis to ensure they continue to be appropriate.
Income Taxes - Estimates and judgments are made for uncertainties which exist with respect to the interpretation of complex tax regulations, changes in tax laws, and the amount and timing of future taxable income.
Revenue Recognition - The Company generates revenue from the assembly and manufacture of equipment using the percentage-of-completion method. This method requires management to make a number of estimates and assumptions surrounding: the expected profitability of the contract; the estimated degree of completion based on cost progression; and other detailed factors. Although these factors are routinely reviewed as part of the project management process, changes in these estimates or assumptions could lead to changes in the revenues recognized in a given period.
The Company also generates revenue from long-term maintenance and repair contracts whereby it is obligated to maintain equipment for its customers. The contracts are typically fixed price on either machine hours or cost per hour, with provisions for inflationary and exchange adjustments. Revenue is recognized using the percentage-of-completion method based on work completed. This method requires management to make a number of estimates and assumptions surrounding: machine usage; machine performance; future parts and labour pricing; manufacturers' warranty coverage; and other detailed factors. These factors are routinely reviewed as part of the contract management process; however changes in these estimates or assumptions could lead to changes in the revenues and cost of goods sold recognized in a given period.
Inventories - Management is required to make an assessment of the net realizable value of inventory at each reporting period. Management incorporates estimates and judgments that take into account current market prices, current economic trends and past experience in the measurement of net realizable value.
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