Race/Ethnicity: Diversity Ramps UpOur high school graduating classes are rapidly becoming more diverse. By 2019-20 45 percent of the nation's public high school graduates are projected to be non-White, up by more than 7 percent over the class of 2009. This trend is driven by the rapid increase in the number of Hispanics completing high school, corresponding to a nearly equivalent decline in the number of White non-Hispanics: between 2008-09 and 2019-20, the number of White public high school grads will drop by 228,000, while Hispanic graduates will increase by 197,000. At the same time, the number of Asians/Pacific Islanders graduating from high school is projected to rise rapidly (by 49,000), offsetting Black non-Hispanic numbers, which are expected to drop (by 41,000).
These national trends are reflected in almost every state, though the pace at which minority populations are gaining (or losing) shares varies. In most states the number of high school graduates of Hispanic descent is projected to increase, as is the number of Asian/Pacific Islander grads. Only a handful of states can expect to see growth in the number of White non-Hispanic graduates. And about half the states will see decreases among Black non-Hispanic graduates. Also by 2019-20, high school graduating classes in Arizona, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, and Nevada are projected to reach "majority-minority" status (graduating more minorities than Whites), joining California, the District of Columbia, Hawaii, Mississippi, New Mexico, and Texas.
"Knocking at the College Door is a valuable resource for projecting the future landscape of postsecondary education," says Jon Whitmore, CEO of ACT. "In light of the changing student demographics projected by this report, it is critical that our K-12 and postsecondary education systems work collaboratively to address gaps in education preparation and attainment."
How to best educate and prepare our changing student body presents a major challenge to our K-12 educational system and our postsecondary institutions, as well as to our nation.
"The projections detailed in Knocking at the College Door underscore the critical importance of ensuring that all of our nation's students--particularly traditionally underserved minority students--graduate from high school with the skills and knowledge to succeed in college," says David Coleman, president of the College Board. "Together with our partners in K-12 and higher education, we are committed to delivering opportunities for all students to experience the kind of rigorous, meaningful curricula that lay a foundation for postsecondary academic success."
Knocking at the College Door and individual state profiles are posted at www.wiche.edu/knocking. Hard copies of the report can be ordered online.
About WICHE, ACT & the College BoardThe Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education and its 16 members, including 15 states--Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming--and the Pacific island U.S. territories and free-standing states (the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands is the first to join), work collaboratively to expand educational access and excellence for all citizens of the West. By promoting innovation, cooperation, resource sharing, and sound public policy among states, territories, and institutions, WICHE strengthens higher education's contributions to the region's social, economic, and civic life. As the only organization in the West that focuses exclusively on higher education issues, from access and accountability to tuition and fees to online learning and innovation, WICHE strives to find answers to solve some of the most critical questions facing higher education today. WICHE's public policy research and collaborative programs support the West's citizens and its constantly evolving cultures. Visit www.wiche.edu for more information about our programs.
ACT is an independent, nonprofit organization with a 53-year history of generating data-driven assessments and research. Headquartered in Iowa City, Iowa, and with offices throughout the world, ACT is trusted for its continual development of next-generation assessments that determine college and career readiness and provide the most advanced measure of workplace skills. To learn more about ACT, go to www.act.org.
The College Board is a mission-driven, not-for-profit organization that connects students to college success and opportunity. Founded in 1900, the College Board was created to expand access to higher education. Today, the membership association is made up of over 6,000 of the world's leading educational institutions and is dedicated to promoting excellence and equity in education. Each year, the College Board helps more than 7 million students prepare for a successful transition to college through programs and services in college readiness and college success--including the SAT(R) and the Advanced Placement Program(R). The organization also serves the education community through research and advocacy on behalf of students, educators and schools. For further information visit www.collegeboard.org.
www.wiche.edu 3035 Center Green Drive, Boulder, CO 80301, 303.541.0200, fax: 303.541.0291Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education
Web site: http://www.act.org//http://www.collegeboard.org//http://www.wiche.edu//
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