Adjusted operating margin expanded 1.1 percentage points to 6.7% from 5.6%. Adjusted OIBDA grew 8.8% and Adjusted OIBDA margin expanded 1.0 percentage point to 15.2% from 14.2%. The growth in Adjusted OIBDA margin was related to the continued shift to digital in the company's Recorded Music business as well as the decline in lower-margin European concert promotion revenue. Operating income, adjusted operating income, OIBDA and Adjusted OIBDA for the quarter included $14 million of severance charges ($11 million in Recorded Music, $2 million in Music Publishing and $1 million in Corporate) compared to $10 million of severance charges in the prior-year quarter ($7 million in Recorded Music and $3 million in Corporate) (the "Quarterly Severance Charges"). See below for calculations and reconciliations of OIBDA, Adjusted Operating Income and Adjusted OIBDA.
Adjusted net loss reflects the impact of a decline in interest expense, to $56 million from $72 million, related to the July 2011 refinancing of certain existing indebtedness in connection with the acquisition of the company by Access Industries. The refinancing in the prior-year quarter resulted in $19 million in tender/call premiums and $15 million of accrued interest paid in connection with the debt obligations repaid in full. See below for calculations and reconciliations of Adjusted Net Income (Loss).
As of September 30, 2012, the company reported a cash balance of $302 million, total long-term debt of $2.21 billion and net debt (total long-term debt minus cash) of $1.90 billion.
Cash provided by operating activities was $102 million compared to cash used in operating activities of $34 million in the prior-year quarter. Free Cash Flow, defined below, was $80 million compared to negative $52 million in the prior-year quarter. The primary factors impacting the comparison of Free Cash Flow were the prior-year quarter's $46 million in expenses related to the acquisition of the company by Access Industries in July 2011 (the vast majority of which were paid in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2011) and the $34 million in cash paid for tender/call premiums and interest in connection with the July 2011 refinancing.
For the fiscal year, growth in digital revenue more than offset physical revenue declines in the company's Recorded Music business. However, this net growth was more than offset by declines in Artist Services and Expanded Rights revenue, Recording Music licensing revenue and Music Publishing revenue. Digital revenue grew 12.8%, or 14.1% in constant-currency, and represented 33.3% of total revenue, compared to 28.6% in the prior year.
Adjusted operating margin expanded 1.0 percentage point to 4.5% from 3.5% in the prior year. Adjusted OIBDA grew 2.8% and Adjusted OIBDA margin expanded 0.7 percentage points to 13.2% from 12.5% in the prior year. Operating income, adjusted operating income, OIBDA and Adjusted OIBDA in the fiscal year included $42 million of severance charges ($35 million in Recorded Music, $4 million in Music Publishing and $3 million in Corporate) compared to $38 million of severance charges in the prior fiscal year ($24 million in Recorded Music, $6 million in Music Publishing and $8 million in Corporate) (the "Fiscal-Year Severance Charges").
Adjusted net loss reflects an increase in interest expense, to $225 million from $213 million, as a result of the July 2011 refinancing of certain existing indebtedness in connection with the acquisition of the company by Access Industries, which resulted in new debt obligations which were issued with higher interest rates.
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