AETN, and improvement at ABC Family, partially offset by lower operating
income at the domestic Disney Channels. The increase at ESPN reflected
higher contractual rates for affiliate fees, decreased marketing costs,
and higher equity income at the ESPN Star Sports joint venture due to
lower programming costs. These increases were partially offset by higher
programming costs driven by contractual rate increases for college
football and Major League Baseball and expanded rights for the Wimbledon
Championships. The improvement at ABC Family was primarily due to lower
programming and marketing and sales costs. At the domestic Disney
Channels, the benefit of higher affiliate revenue due to contractual
rate increases was more than offset by a decrease due to a significant
program sale that occurred in the prior-year quarter.
Operating income at Broadcasting remained relatively flat at $915 million for the year as higher program sales, lower programming and production costs and higher affiliate and royalty revenue were largely offset by lower advertising revenues and higher equity losses at Hulu. Program sales growth was driven by Castle and Once Upon a Time, partially offset by lower home entertainment revenues primarily due to Lost. Lower programming and production costs reflected the absence of The Oprah Winfrey Show at the owned television stations and lower program write offs at the ABC Television Network. Lower advertising revenues were driven by lower network ratings, which were partially offset by higher rates, and a decrease at the owned television stations driven by lower political advertising. Higher equity losses at Hulu were driven by increased programming and marketing costs, partially offset by higher advertising and subscription revenues.
For the quarter, operating income at Broadcasting decreased $9 million to $192 million driven by a decline in ABC Television Network advertising revenues due to lower ratings and higher equity losses at Hulu, partially offset by higher program sales driven by Castle and Wipeout.
Parks and Resorts
Parks and Resorts revenue for the year increased 10% to $12.9 billion and segment operating income increased 22% to $1.9 billion. For the quarter, revenues increased 9% to $3.4 billion and segment operating income increased 18% to $497 million.
Results for the year reflected increases at our domestic parks and resorts, Tokyo Disney Resort, Disney Cruise Line and Hong Kong Disneyland Resort, partially offset by a decrease at Disneyland Paris.
Higher operating income at our domestic parks and resorts was driven by increased guest spending and attendance, partially offset by higher costs. Increased guest spending reflected higher average ticket prices, food and beverage spending and daily hotel room rates. Increased attendance reflected strong growth at Disneyland Resort which benefitted from the opening of Cars Land at Disney California Adventure. Higher costs were driven by resort expansion and new guest offerings, including investments in supporting systems infrastructure, labor cost inflation and higher employee benefits costs.
The increase at Tokyo Disney Resort reflected the loss of income in the prior year due to the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami in Japan, which resulted in a temporary suspension of operations and a reduction in
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