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Studies from Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health Add New Findings in the Area of Risk Management (Seatbelt wearing rates in...

September 12, 2014

Studies from Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health Add New Findings in the Area of Risk Management (Seatbelt wearing rates in middle income countries: A cross-country analysis)

By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Insurance Weekly News -- Investigators publish new report on Risk Management. According to news originating from Baltimore, Maryland, by VerticalNews correspondents, research stated, "In settings with low seatbelt use prevalence, self-reported seatbelt use estimates often lack validity, and routine observational studies are scarce. In this paper, we aim to describe the prevalence of seatbelt use and associated factors in drivers and front-seat passengers across eight sites in four countries (Egypt, Mexico, Russia, Turkey) using observational studies as well as to produce estimates of country-level and site-level variance."

Our news journalists obtained a quote from the research from the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, "As part of the Bloomberg Philanthropies Global Road Safety Program, data on driver and passenger seatbelt use across four middle-income countries was collected between October 2010 and May 2011 (n = 122,931 vehicles). Logistic regression and Intraclass Correlation Coefficient analyses for sites- and country-level clustering were performed. We found high variability of seatbelt wearing rates ranging from 4 to 72% in drivers and 3-50% in front-seat passengers. Overall, average seatbelt wearing rates were low (under 60% in most sites). At the individual level, older and female drivers were more likely to wear seatbelts, as well as drivers of vehicles transiting at times of increased vehicle flow. We also found that 26-32% and 37-41% of the variance in seatbelt use among drivers and front-seat passengers respectively was explained by differences across sites and countries."

According to the news editors, the research concluded: "Our results demonstrate that there is room for improvement on seatbelt use in middle-income countries and that standardized cross-country studies on road safety risk factors are feasible, providing valuable information for prevention and monitoring activities."

For more information on this research see: Seatbelt wearing rates in middle income countries: A cross-country analysis. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 2014;71():115-119. Accident Analysis and Prevention can be contacted at: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd, The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford OX5 1GB, England. (Elsevier -; Accident Analysis and Prevention -

The news correspondents report that additional information may be obtained from A.I. Vecino-Ortiz, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg Sch Public Hlth, Int Injury Res Unit, Dept. of Int Hlth, Baltimore, MD 21205, United States. Additional authors for this research include D. Bishai, A. Chandran, K. Bhalla, A.M. Bachani, S. Gupta, E. Slyunkina and A.A. Hyder.

Keywords for this news article include: Baltimore, Maryland, United States, North and Central America, Risk Management

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Source: Insurance Weekly News

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