Studies in the Area of Streptococcus Reported from University of Bologna (Hydrophilicity of dentin bonding systems influences in vitro Streptococcus mutans biofilm formation)
By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Biotech Week -- Investigators publish new report on Gram-Positive Bacteria. According to news reporting originating in Bologna, Italy, by NewsRx journalists, research stated, "To evaluate in vitro Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) biofilm formation on the surface of five light-curing experimental dental bonding systems (DBS) with increasing hydrophilicity. The null hypothesis tested was that resin chemical composition and hydrophilicity does not affect S. mutans biofilm formation."
The news reporters obtained a quote from the research from the University of Bologna, "Five light-curing versions of experimental resin blends with increasing hydrophilicity were investigated (R-1, R-2, R-3, R-4 and R-5). R-1 and R-2 contained ethoxylated BisGMA/TEGDMA or BisGMA/TEGDMA, respectively, and were very hydrophobic, were representative of pit-and-fissure bonding agents. R-3 was representative of a typical two-step etch-and-rinse adhesive, while R-4 and R-5 were very hydrophilic resins analogous to self-etching adhesives. Twenty-eight disks were prepared for each resin blend. After a 24 h-incubation at 37 degrees C, a multilayer monospecific biofilm of S. mutans was obtained on the surface of each disk. The adherent biomass was determined using the MTT assay and evaluated morphologically with confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). R-2 and R-3 surfaces showed the highest biofilm formation while R-1 and R-4 showed a similar intermediate biofilm formation. R-5 was more hydrophilic and acidic and was significantly less colonized than all the other resins. A significant quadratic relationship between biofilm formation and hydrophilicity of the resin blends was found. CLSM and SEM evaluation confirmed MTT assay results. The null hypothesis was rejected since S. mutans biofilm formation was influenced by hydrophilicity, surface acidity and chemical composition of the experimental resins."
According to the news reporters, the research concluded: "Further studies using a bioreactor are needed to confirm the results and clarify the role of the single factors."
For more information on this research see: Hydrophilicity of dentin bonding systems influences in vitro Streptococcus mutans biofilm formation. Dental Materials, 2014;30(8):926-935. Dental Materials can be contacted at: Elsevier Sci Ltd, The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford OX5 1GB, Oxon, England. (Elsevier - www.elsevier.com; Dental Materials - www.elsevier.com/wps/product/cws_home/601024)
Our news correspondents report that additional information may be obtained by contacting E. Brambilla, University of Bologna, DIBINEM, Dept. of Biomed & Neuromotor Sci, I-40125 Bologna, Italy. Additional authors for this research include A. Ionescu, A. Mazzoni, M. Cadenaro, M. Gagliani, M. Ferraroni, F. Tay, D. Pashley and L. Breschi (see also Gram-Positive Bacteria).
Keywords for this news article include: Bologna, Italy, Europe, Dentistry, Gram-Positive Bacteria, Gram-Positive Cocci, Streptococcaceae, Streptococcus
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