Studies from Indian Institute of Science Provide New Data on Metallurgy (Microstructure Development, Nanomechanical, and Dynamic Compression Properties of Spark Plasma Sintered TiB2-Ti-Based Homogeneous and Bi-layered Composites)
By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Journal of Technology -- Investigators publish new report on Metallurgy. According to news reporting originating in Bangalore, India, by VerticalNews journalists, research stated, "The growing threats due to increased use of small-caliber armor piercing projectiles demand the development of new light-weight body armor materials. In this context, TiB2 appears to be a promising ceramic material."
The news reporters obtained a quote from the research from the Indian Institute of Science, "However, poor sinterability and low fracture toughness remain two major issues for TiB2. In order to address these issues together, Ti as a sinter-aid is used to develop TiB2-(x wt pct Ti), (x = 10, 20) homogeneous composites and a bi-layered composite (BLC) with each layer having Ti content of 10 and 20 wt pct. The present study uniquely demonstrates the efficacy of two-stage spark plasma sintering route to develop dense TiB2-Ti composites with an excellent combination of nanoscale hardness (similar to 36 GPa) and indentation fracture toughness (similar to 12 MPa m(1/2)). In case of BLC, these properties are not compromised w.r.t. homogeneous composites, suggesting the retention of baseline material properties even in the bi-layer design due to optimal relief of residual stresses. The better indentation toughness of TiB2-(10 wt pct Ti) and TiB2-(20 wt pct Ti) composites can be attributed to the observed crack deflection/arrest, indicating better damage tolerance. Transmission electron microscope investigation reveals the presence of dense dislocation networks and deformation twins in alpha-Ti at the grain boundaries and triple pockets, surrounded by TiB2 grains. The dynamic strength of around 4 GPa has been measured using Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar tests in a reproducible manner at strain rates of the order of 600 s(-1). The damage progression under high strain rate has been investigated by acquiring real time images for the entire test duration using ultra-high speed imaging."
According to the news reporters, the research concluded: "An attempt has been made to establish microstructure-property correlation and a simple analysis based on Mohr-Coulomb theory is used to rationalize the measured strength properties."
For more information on this research see: Microstructure Development, Nanomechanical, and Dynamic Compression Properties of Spark Plasma Sintered TiB2-Ti-Based Homogeneous and Bi-layered Composites. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A-Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science, 2014;45A(10):4646-4664. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A-Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science can be contacted at: Springer, 233 Spring St, New York, NY 10013, USA.
Our news correspondents report that additional information may be obtained by contacting N. Gupta, Indian Inst Sci IISc, Bangalore 560012, Karnataka, India. Additional authors for this research include V. Parameswaran and B. Basu.
Keywords for this news article include: Bangalore, India, Asia, Metallurgy
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