By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Biotech Week -- Researchers detail new data in Biotechnology. According to news reporting originating in Wageningen, Netherlands, by NewsRx journalists, research stated, "The chemical properties and diversity of volatile isoprenoids lends them to a broad variety of biological roles. It also lends them to a host of biotechnological applications, both by taking advantage of their natural functions and by using them as industrial chemicals/chemical feedstocks."
The news reporters obtained a quote from the research from Wageningen University, "Natural functions include roles as insect attractants and repellents, abiotic stress protectants in pathogen defense, etc. Industrial applications include use as pharmaceuticals, flavours, fragrances, fuels, fuel additives, etc. Here we will examine the ways in which researchers have so far found to exploit volatile isoprenoids using biotechnology. Production and/or modification of volatiles using metabolic engineering in both plants and microorganisms are reviewed, including engineering through both mevalonate and methylerythritol diphosphate pathways. Recent advances are illustrated using several case studies (herbivores and bodyguards, isoprene, and monoterpene production in microbes). Systems and synthetic biology tools with particular utility for metabolic engineering are also reviewed. Finally, we discuss the practical realities of various applications in modern biotechnology, explore possible future applications, and examine the challenges of moving these technologies forward so that they can deliver tangible benefits."
According to the news reporters, the research concluded: "While this review focuses on volatile isoprenoids, many of the engineering approaches described here are also applicable to non-isoprenoid volatiles and to non-volatile isoprenoids."
For more information on this research see: Metabolic engineering of volatile isoprenoids in plants and microbes. Plant Cell and Environment, 2014;37(8):1753-1775. Plant Cell and Environment can be contacted at: Wiley-Blackwell, 111 River St, Hoboken 07030-5774, NJ, USA (see also Biotechnology).
Our news correspondents report that additional information may be obtained by contacting C.E. Vickers, Wageningen University, Lab Plant Physiol, NL-6708 PB Wageningen, Netherlands. Additional authors for this research include M. Bongers, Q. Liu, T. Delatte and H. Bouwmeester.
Keywords for this news article include: Wageningen, Netherlands, Europe, Biotechnology, Metabolic Engineering
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