Recent Findings from Osaka University Has Provided New Information about Biomedicine and Biomedical Engineering (Automated lung segmentation and smoothing techniques for inclusion of juxtapleural nodules and pulmonary vessels on chest CT images)
By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Biotech Week -- Investigators discuss new findings in Biotechnology. According to news reporting originating from Osaka, Japan, by NewsRx correspondents, research stated, "Segmentation of the lung is often performed as an important preprocessing step for quantitative analysis of chest computed tomography (CT) imaging. However, the presence of juxtapleural nodules and pulmonary vessels, image noise or artifacts, and individual anatomical variety make lung segmentation very complex."
Our news editors obtained a quote from the research from Osaka University, "To address these problems, a fast and fully automatic scheme based on iterative weighted averaging and adaptive curvature threshold is proposed in this study to facilitate accurate lung segmentation for inclusion of juxtapleural nodules and pulmonary vessels and ensure the smoothness of the lung boundary. Our segmentation scheme consists of four main stages: image preprocessing, thorax extraction, lung identification and lung contour correction. The aim of preprocessing stage is to encourage intra-region smoothing and preserve the inter-region edge of CT images. In the thorax extraction stage, the artifacts external to the patient's body are discarded. Then, a fuzzy-c-means clustering method is used in the thorax region and all lung parenchyma is identified according to fuzzy membership value and connectivity. Finally, the segmented lung contour is smoothed and corrected with iterative weighted averaging and adaptive curvature threshold on each axis slice, respectively. Our method was validated on 20 datasets of chest CT scans containing 65 juxtapleural nodules. Experimental results show that our method can re-include all juxtapleural nodules and achieve an average volume overlap ratio of 95.81 +/- 0.89% and an average mean absolute border distance of 0.63 +/- 0.09 mm compared with the manually segmented results."
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "The average processing time for segmenting one slice was 2.56 s, which is over 20 times faster than manual segmentation."
For more information on this research see: Automated lung segmentation and smoothing techniques for inclusion of juxtapleural nodules and pulmonary vessels on chest CT images. Biomedical Signal Processing and Control, 2014;13():62-70. Biomedical Signal Processing and Control can be contacted at: Elsevier Sci Ltd, The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford OX5 1GB, Oxon, England. (Elsevier - www.elsevier.com; Biomedical Signal Processing and Control - www.elsevier.com/wps/product/cws_home/706718)
The news editors report that additional information may be obtained by contacting S.J. Zhou, Osaka University, Center Adv Med Engn & Informat, Suita, Osaka 5650871, Japan. Additional authors for this research include Y.Z. Cheng and S. Tamura (see also Biotechnology).
Keywords for this news article include: Osaka, Japan, Asia, Biotechnology
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