New Risk Management Findings from Flinders University of South Australia Described (How effective is drug testing as a workplace safety strategy? A systematic review of the evidence)
By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Clinical Trials Week -- Current study results on Risk Management have been published. According to news originating from Adelaide, Australia, by NewsRx correspondents, research stated, "The growing prevalence of workplace drug testing and the narrow scope of previous reviews of the evidence base necessitate a comprehensive review of research concerning the efficacy of drug testing as a workplace strategy. A systematic qualitative review of relevant research published between January 1990 and January 2013 was undertaken."
Our news journalists obtained a quote from the research from the Flinders University of South Australia, "Inclusion criteria were studies that evaluated the effectiveness of drug testing in deterring employee drug use or reducing workplace accident or injury rates. Methodological adequacy was assessed using a published assessment tool specifically designed to assess the quality of intervention studies. A total of 23 studies were reviewed and assessed, six of which reported on the effectiveness of testing in reducing employee drug use and 17 which reported on occupational accident or injury rates. No studies involved randomised control trials. Only one study was assessed as demonstrating strong methodological rigour. That study found random alcohol testing reduced fatal accidents in the transport industry. The majority of studies reviewed contained methodological weaknesses including; inappropriate study design, limited sample representativeness, the use of ecological data to evaluate individual behaviour change and failure to adequately control for potentially confounding variables. This latter finding is consistent with previous reviews and indicates the evidence base for the effectiveness of testing in improving workplace safety is at best tenuous. Better dissemination of the current evidence in relation to workplace drug testing is required to support evidence-informed policy and practice."
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "There is also a pressing need for more methodologically rigorous research to evaluate the efficacy and utility of drug testing."
For more information on this research see: How effective is drug testing as a workplace safety strategy? A systematic review of the evidence. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 2014;71():154-165. Accident Analysis and Prevention can be contacted at: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd, The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford OX5 1GB, England. (Elsevier - www.elsevier.com; Accident Analysis and Prevention - www.elsevier.com/wps/product/cws_home/336)
The news correspondents report that additional information may be obtained from K. Pidd, Flinders University of South Australia, Natl Center Educ & Training Addict, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia (see also Risk Management).
Keywords for this news article include: Adelaide, Australia, Australia and New Zealand, Risk Management
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