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Data on Peptides and Proteins Detailed by Researchers at Otto-von-Guericke-University (Sample prefractionation with liquid isoelectric focusing...

September 9, 2014



Data on Peptides and Proteins Detailed by Researchers at Otto-von-Guericke-University (Sample prefractionation with liquid isoelectric focusing enables in depth microbial metaproteome analysis of mesophilic and thermophilic biogas plants)

By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Life Science Weekly -- Investigators discuss new findings in Peptides and Proteins. According to news reporting from Magdeburg, Germany, by NewsRx journalists, research stated, "Biogas production from energy crops and biodegradable waste is one of the major sources for renewable energies in Germany. Within a biogas plant (BGP) a complex microbial community converts biomass to biogas."

The news correspondents obtained a quote from the research from Otto-von-Guericke-University, "Unfortunately, disturbances of the biogas process occur occasionally and cause economic losses of varying extent. Besides technical failures the microbial community itself is commonly assumed as a reason for process instability. To improve the performance and efficiency of BGP, a deeper knowledge of the composition and the metabolic state of the microbial community is required and biomarkers for monitoring of process deviations or even the prediction of process failures have to be identified. Previous work based on 2D-electrophoresis demonstrated that the analysis of the metaproteome is well suited to provide insights into the apparent metabolism of the microbial communities. Using SDS-PAGE with subsequent mass spectrometry, stable protein patterns were evaluated for a number of anaerobic digesters. Furthermore, it was shown that severe changes in process parameters such as acidification resulted in significant modifications of the metaproteome. Monitoring of changing protein patterns derived from anaerobic digesters, however, is still a challenge due to the high complexity of the metaproteome. In this study, different combinations of separation techniques to reduce the complexity of proteomic BGP samples were compared with respect to the subsequent identification of proteins by tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS): (i) 1D: proteins were tryptically digested and the resulting peptides were separated by reversed phase chromatography prior to MS/MS. (ii) 2D: proteins were separated by GeLC-MS/MS according to proteins molecular weights before tryptic digestion, (iii) 3D: proteins were separated by gel-free fractionation using isoelectric focusing (IEF) conducted before GeLC-MS/MS. For this study, a comparison of two anaerobic digesters operated at mesophilic and at thermophilic conditions was conducted. The addition of further separation dimensions before protein identification increased the number of identified proteins. On the other hand additional fractionation steps increased the experimental work load and the time required for LC-MS/MS measurement. The high resolution of the 3D-approach enabled the detection of approximately 750 to 1650 proteins covering the main pathways of hydrolysis, acidogenesis, acetogenesis and methanogenesis. Methanosarcinales dominated in the mesophilic BGP, whereas Methanomicrobiales were highly abundant in the thermophilic BGP. Pathway analysis confirmed the taxonomic results and revealed that the acetoclastic methanogenesis occurred preferentially at mesophilic conditions, whereas exclusively hydrogenotrophic methanogenesis was detected in thermophilic BGP."

According to the news reporters, the research concluded: "However, for the identification of process biomarkers by comprehensive screening of BGP it will be indispensable to find a balance between the experimental efforts and analytical resolution."

For more information on this research see: Sample prefractionation with liquid isoelectric focusing enables in depth microbial metaproteome analysis of mesophilic and thermophilic biogas plants. Anaerobe, 2014;29():59-67. (Elsevier - www.elsevier.com; Anaerobe - www.elsevier.com/wps/product/cws_home/622780)

Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting F. Kohrs, Otto von Guericke University, Bioprocess Engineering, Universitatsplatz 2, 39106 Magdeburg, Germany. Additional authors for this research include R. Heyer, A. Magnussen, D. Benndorf, T. Muth, A. Behne, E. Rapp, R. Kausmann, M. Heiermann, M. Klocke and U. Reichl (see also Peptides and Proteins).

Keywords for this news article include: Magdeburg, Germany, Europe, Amino Acids, Peptides, Peptides and Proteins, Proteins.

Our reports deliver fact-based news of research and discoveries from around the world. Copyright 2014, NewsRx LLC


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Source: Life Science Weekly


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