The transparent 24-meter (79-foot) blue glass wall outside the
It stands on the site of a villa where the murder of patients at hospitals and mental institutes was coordinated. More than 70,000 people were gassed at centers for what the Nazis described as their euthanasia operation, coded "T4" in reference to the building's address, Tiergartenstrasse 4, in 1940 and 1941.
It saw "a technology of killing tested and carried out for the first time on defenseless, sick and disabled people, a test run for all the Nazis' following programs of mass eradication," said
Tens of thousands more were killed using methods such as injections and starvation, and mental patients were targeted by SS units in countries invaded by Nazi
Few of the administrators and doctors involved were brought to justice after World War II. Culture Minister
The memorial, which includes audio and video information on the program and its victims, confronts visitors with "a way of thinking that presumes to judge the worth of individual lives," Gruetters said.
She added that the program also benefited from "a deformation of moral senses which ultimately led many people to believe that killing sick and disabled people was something like an act of pity, and ethically legitimate."
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