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Researchers from Federal University Report on Findings in Mechanical Engineering (Separation Process by Porous Membranes: A Numerical Investigation)

August 13, 2014

By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Journal of Engineering -- Research findings on Mechanical Engineering are discussed in a new report. According to news reporting from Campina Grande, Brazil, by VerticalNews journalists, research stated, "A major problem associated with the membrane separation processes is the permeate flux drop, limiting the widespread of industrial application of this process. This occurs due to the accumulation of solute concentration near the membrane surface."

The news correspondents obtained a quote from the research from Federal University, "An exact quantification of the concentration polarization as a function of process conditions is essential to estimate the system performance satisfactorily. In this sense, this work aims to predict the behavior of the concentration polarization boundary layer along the length of a permeable tubular membrane, over various operation conditions. The numerical solution of the Navier-Stokes equation, coupled to Darcy's and mass transfer equations, is obtained by the commercial software ANSYS CFX 12, considering a two-dimensional computational domain. The study evaluates the effects of axial Reynolds and Schmidt numbers on the concentration polarization boundary layer thickness during the cross-flow filtration process."

According to the news reporters, the research concluded: "Numerical results have shown that the mathematical model is able to predict the formation and growth of the concentration polarization boundary layer along the length of the tubular membrane."

For more information on this research see: Separation Process by Porous Membranes: A Numerical Investigation. Advances in Mechanical Engineering, 2014;():1-9. Advances in Mechanical Engineering can be contacted at: Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 410 Park Avenue, 15TH Floor, #287 Pmb, New York, NY 10022, USA. (Hindawi Publishing -; Advances in Mechanical Engineering -

Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting A.D. Cunha, Univ Fed Campina Grande, Center Sci & Technol, Dept. of Chem Engn, BR-58429900 Campina Grande, PB, Brazil. Additional authors for this research include J.S. de Souza, S.R.D. Neto, A.G.B. de Lima and E.S. Barbosa.

Keywords for this news article include: Brazil, South America, Campina Grande, Mechanical Engineering

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Source: Journal of Engineering

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