New Findings in Nanoparticles Described from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Surface modification by metal ion implantation forming metallic nanoparticles in an insulating matrix)
By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Science Letter -- Investigators publish new report on Nanoparticles. According to news reporting out of Berkeley, California, by NewsRx editors, research stated, "There is special interest in the incorporation of metallic nanoparticles in a surrounding dielectric matrix for obtaining composites with desirable characteristics such as for surface plasmon resonance, which can be used in photonics and sensing, and controlled surface electrical conductivity. We have investigated nanocomposites produced by metal ion implantation into insulating substrates, where the implanted metal self-assembles into nanoparticles."
Our news journalists obtained a quote from the research from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, "The nanoparticles nucleate near the maximum of the implantation depth profile (projected range), which can be estimated by computer simulation using the TRIDYN code. TRIDYN is a Monte Carlo simulation program based on the TRIM (Transport and Range of Ions in Matter) code that takes into account compositional changes in the substrate due to two factors: previously implanted dopant atoms, and sputtering of the substrate surface. Our study show that the nanopartides form a bidimentional array buried a few nanometers below the substrate surface. We have studied Au/PMMA (polymethylmethacrylate), Pt/PMMA, Ti/alumina and Au/alumina systems. Transmission electron microscopy of the implanted samples show that metallic nanoparticles form in the insulating matrix. These nanocomposites have been characterized by measuring the resistivity of the composite layer as a function of the implantation dose. The experimental results are compared with a model based on percolation theory, in which electron transport through the composite is explained by conduction through a random resistor network formed by the metallic nanoparticles. Excellent agreement is found between the experimental results and the predictions of the theory."
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "We conclude in that the conductivity process is due only to percolation (when the conducting elements are in geometric contact) and that the contribution from tunneling conduction is negligible."
For more information on this research see: Surface modification by metal ion implantation forming metallic nanoparticles in an insulating matrix. Applied Surface Science, 2014;310():158-163. Applied Surface Science can be contacted at: Elsevier Science Bv, PO Box 211, 1000 Ae Amsterdam, Netherlands. (Elsevier - www.elsevier.com; Applied Surface Science - www.elsevier.com/wps/product/cws_home/505669)
Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting M.C. Salvadori, Lawrence Berkeley Natl Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720, United States. Additional authors for this research include F.S. Teixeira, L.G. Sgubin, M. Cattani and I.G. Brown (see also Nanoparticles).
Keywords for this news article include: Berkeley, California, United States, Nanocomposite, Nanotechnology, Emerging Technologies, North and Central America
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