Findings in the Area of Minerals Reported from Argonne National Laboratory (Phase change material with graphite foam for applications in high-temperature latent heat storage systems of concentrated solar power plants)
By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Energy Weekly News -- New research on Minerals is the subject of a report. According to news reporting originating from Argonne, Illinois, by VerticalNews correspondents, research stated, "A high-temperature latent heat thermal energy storage (LHTES) system was analyzed for applications to concentrated solar power (CSP) plants (utilizing steam at similar to 610 degrees C) for large-scale electricity generation. Magnesium chloride was selected as the phase change material (PCM) for the latent heat storage because of its high melting point (714 degrees C)."
Our news editors obtained a quote from the research from Argonne National Laboratory, "Because the thermal conductivities of most salt materials are very low, usually less than 1 W/m K, graphite foam was applied as an additive to considerably enhance the overall thermal conductivity of the resulting graphite foam PCM combination in the LHTES system. The heat transfer performance and the exergy efficiency in the graphite foam-MgCl2 LHTES system were considered for the design and optimization of the storage system. Three-dimensional (3-D) heat transfer simulations were conducted for the storage system using commercial software COMSOL Three groups of analyses were performed for an LHTES system: using PCM alone without graphite foam, using average material properties for graphite foam PCM combination, and using anisotropic thermal conductivity and temperature-dependent material properties for graphite foam PCM. Results presented show that the graphite foam can help to significantly improve the heat transfer performance as well as the exergy efficiency in the LHTES system."
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "They also show the effects of the anisotropic thermal conductivity and indicate capital cost savings for a CSP electric power plant by reducing the number of heat transfer fluid (HTF) pipes in the LHTES tank by a factor of eight."
For more information on this research see: Phase change material with graphite foam for applications in high-temperature latent heat storage systems of concentrated solar power plants. Renewable Energy, 2014;69():134-146. Renewable Energy can be contacted at: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd, The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford OX5 1GB, England. (Elsevier - www.elsevier.com; Renewable Energy - www.elsevier.com/wps/product/cws_home/969)
The news editors report that additional information may be obtained by contacting W.H. Zhao, Argonne Natl Lab, Nucl Engn Div, Argonne, IL 60439, United States. Additional authors for this research include D.M. France, W.H. Yu, T. Kim and D. Singh.
Keywords for this news article include: Carbon, Energy, Argonne, Illinois, Graphite, Minerals, Power Plant, Solar Power, United States, Nanotechnology, Emerging Technologies, Phase Change Material, North and Central America
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