Citation: "79 FR 45556"
Document Number: "Release No. 34-72715; File No. SR-NASDAQ-2014-038"
July 29, 2014.
FOOTNOTE 1 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(1). END FOOTNOTE
FOOTNOTE 2 17 CFR 240.19b-4. END FOOTNOTE
FOOTNOTE 3 See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 72014 (
FOOTNOTE 4 In Amendment No. 1, the Exchange confirmed the hours of the three trading sessions on the Exchange, clarified the valuation of investments for purposes of calculating net asset value, clarified what information would be available on the Fund's Web site, and provided additional information relating to surveillance with respect to certain assets held by the Fund. Amendment No. 1 provided clarification to the proposed rule change, and because it does not materially affect the substance of the proposed rule change or raise novel or unique regulatory issues, Amendment No. 1 is not subject to notice and comment. END FOOTNOTE
FOOTNOTE 5 The Exchange filed Amendment No. 2 to the proposal to reflect a name change to the Fund and the underlying index. Specifically, the Exchange replaced each reference to "Reality Shares NASDAQ-100 Isolated Dividend Growth ETF" in the proposal with "Reality Shares NASDAQ-100 DIVS Index ETF" and replaced each reference to "Reality Shares NASDAQ-100 Isolated Dividend Growth Index" in the proposal with "Reality Shares NASDAQ-100 DIVS Index." Amendment No. 2 is a technical amendment and is not subject to notice and comment as it does not materially affect the substance of the filing. END FOOTNOTE
FOOTNOTE 6 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(2). END FOOTNOTE
FOOTNOTE 7 See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 72384, 79 FR 35205 (
FOOTNOTE 8 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(2)(B). END FOOTNOTE
I. Description of the Proposal
The Exchange proposes to list and trade Shares of the Fund under NASDAQ Rule 5705(b), which governs the listing and trading of Index Fund Shares /9/ on the Exchange. The Shares of the Fund will be offered by the
FOOTNOTE 9 Index Fund Shares that are issued by an open-end investment company and listed and traded on the Exchange under NASDAQ Rule 5705 seek to provide investment results that correspond generally to the price and yield performance of a specific foreign or domestic stock index, fixed income securities index, or combination thereof.
FOOTNOTE 10 According to the Exchange, the Trust will be registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940 ("1940 Act"). On
B. The Exchange's Description of the Fund
The Exchange has made the following representations concerning the Fund.
The Fund will seek long-term capital appreciation by tracking the performance of the Reality Shares NASDAQ-100 DIVS Index ("Index"). The Index was developed and is maintained by
FOOTNOTE 11 The Index will be calculated by
FOOTNOTE 12 The Adviser and the Index Provider have represented that a fire wall exists around the respective personnel who have access to information concerning changes and adjustments to the Index. END FOOTNOTE
FOOTNOTE 13 The Adviser and the Index Provider have represented that a fire wall exists around the respective personnel who have access to information concerning changes and adjustments to the Index. The Exchange notes that, in the event (a) the Adviser, any sub-adviser, or the Index Provider becomes registered as a broker-dealer or newly affiliated with a broker-dealer, or (b) any new adviser, sub-adviser, or Index Provider is a registered broker-dealer or becomes affiliated with a broker-dealer, that entity will implement a fire wall with respect to their relevant personnel or broker-dealer affiliate, as applicable, regarding access to information concerning the composition of or changes to the portfolio and will be subject to procedures designed to prevent the use and dissemination of material, non-public information regarding the portfolio. END FOOTNOTE
1. Index Methodology
The Index will be calculated using a proprietary, rules-based methodology designed to track market expectations for dividend growth conveyed in real-time using the mid-point of the bid-ask spread on NASDAQ-100 Index options and options on exchange-traded funds ("ETFs") designed to track the NASDAQ-100 Index. /14/ All options included in the Index will be listed and traded on a U.S. national securities exchange. The Index will consist of a minimum of 20 components. /15/
FOOTNOTE 14 The Index will not directly measure or track actual dividend payments or the actual growth in dividend payments, but will instead track market expectations of dividend growth as implied by the prices of the options that make up the Index. END FOOTNOTE
FOOTNOTE 15 Rule 5705(b)(3). END FOOTNOTE
The prices of index and ETF options reflect the market trading prices of the securities included in the applicable underlying index or ETF, as well as market expectations regarding the level of dividends to be paid on those indexes or ETFs during the term of the option. The Index constituents, and therefore most of the Fund's portfolio holdings, will consist of multiple corresponding near-term and long-term put and call option combinations on the same reference assets (i.e., options on the NASDAQ-100 Index or the NASDAQ-100 ETF) with the same strike price. Because option prices reflect both stock price and dividend expectations, they can be used in combination to isolate either price exposure or dividend expectations. The use of near-term and long-term put and call option combinations on the same reference asset with the same strike price, but with different maturities, is designed to gain exposure to the expected dividends of the securities in the NASDAQ-100 Index while neutralizing the impact of stock price movements. Over time, the Index will increase or decrease in value as the dividend spread between the near-term and long-term option combinations increases or decreases as a result of changing market expectations for dividend growth.
2. Principal Investments of the Fund
The Fund will seek long-term capital appreciation and will seek investment results that, before fees and expenses, generally correspond to the performance of the Index. At least 80% of the Fund's total assets (exclusive of collateral held from securities lending, if any) will be invested in the component securities of the Index. The Fund will seek a correlation of 0.95 or better between its performance and the performance of its Index. A figure of 1.00 would represent perfect correlation. The Fund generally will use a representative sampling investment strategy.
The Fund will buy (i.e., hold a "long" position in) and sell (i.e., hold a "short" position in) put and call options. The Fund will have a strategy of taking both a long position in a security through its ex-dividend date (the last date an investor can own the security and receive dividends paid on the security) and a corresponding short position in the same security immediately thereafter. This is designed to allow the Fund to isolate its exposure to the growth of the level of dividends expected to be paid on a security while minimizing its exposure to changes in the trading price of that security.
The Fund will buy and sell U.S. exchange-listed options on the NASDAQ-100 Index and U.S. exchange-listed options on ETFs designed to track the NASDAQ-100 Index. A put option gives the purchaser of the option the right to sell, and the issuer of the option the obligation to buy, the underlying security or instrument on a specified date or during a specified period of time. A call option on a security gives the purchaser of the option the right to buy, and the writer of the option the obligation to sell, the underlying security or instrument on a specified date or during a specified period of time. The Fund will invest in a combination of put and call options designed to allow the Fund to isolate its exposure to the growth of the level of expected dividends reflected in options on the NASDAQ-100 Index and options on ETFs tracking the NASDAQ-100 Index, while minimizing the Fund's exposure to changes in the trading price of such securities.
3. Other Investments of the Fund
While, as described above, at least 80% of the Fund's total assets (exclusive of collateral held from securities lending, if any) will be invested in the component securities of the Index, the Fund may invest up to 20% of the Fund's total assets in other securities and financial instruments, as described below.
The Fund may invest in U.S. exchange-listed futures contracts on the NASDAQ-100 Index and ETFs designed to track the NASDAQ-100 Index and may invest in forward contracts on the NASDAQ-100 Index and ETFs designed to track the NASDAQ-100 Index. The Fund's use of exchange-listed futures contracts and forward contracts is designed to allow the Fund to isolate its exposure to the growth of the level of expected dividends reflected in options on the NASDAQ-100 Index and options on ETFs tracking the NASDAQ-100 Index, while minimizing the Fund's exposure to changes in the trading price of such securities. The Fund may also buy and sell OTC options on the NASDAQ-100 Index and on ETFs designed to track the NASDAQ-100 Index.
The Fund may enter into dividend and total return swap transactions (including equity swap transactions) based on the NASDAQ-100 Index and ETFs designed to track the NASDAQ-100 Index. /16/ In a typical swap transaction, one party agrees to make periodic payments to another party ("counterparty") based on the change in market value or level of a specified rate, index, or asset. In return, the counterparty agrees to make periodic payments to the first party based on the return of a different specified rate, index, or asset. Swap transactions are usually done on a net basis, with the Fund receiving or paying only the net amount of the two payments. In a typical dividend swap transaction, the Fund would pay the swap counterparty a premium and would be entitled to receive the value of the actual dividends paid on the subject index during the term of the swap contract. In a typical total return swap transaction, the Fund might exchange long or short exposures to the return of the underlying securities or index to isolate the value of the dividends paid on the underlying securities or index constituents. The Fund also may engage in interest rate swap transactions. In a typical interest rate swap transaction, one stream of future interest payments is exchanged for another. Such transactions often take the form of an exchange of a fixed payment for a variable payment based on a future interest rate. The Fund intends to use interest rate swap transactions to manage or hedge exposure to interest rate fluctuations.
FOOTNOTE 16 The Fund will transact only with swap dealers that have in place an
The Fund may invest up to 20% of its assets (exclusive of collateral held from securities lending, if any) in exchange-listed equity securities and derivative instruments (specifically, futures contracts, forward contracts, and swap transactions) /17/ relating to the Index and its component securities that the Adviser believes will help the Fund track the Index. For example, the Fund may buy and sell ETFs and, to a limited extent, individual large-capitalization equity securities listed and traded on a U.S. national securities exchange.
FOOTNOTE 17 Where practicable, the Fund intends to invest in swaps cleared through a central clearing house ("Cleared Swaps"). Currently, only certain of the interest rate swaps in which the Fund intends to invest are Cleared Swaps, while the dividend and total return swaps (including equity swaps) in which the Fund may invest are currently not Cleared Swaps. END FOOTNOTE
The Fund may invest in the securities of other investment companies (including money market funds) to the extent permitted under the 1940 Act.
The Fund's short positions and its investments in swaps, futures contracts, forward contracts, and options based on the NASDAQ-100 Index and ETFs designed to track the NASDAQ-100 Index will be backed by investments in cash, high-quality short-term debt securities, and money-market instruments in an amount equal to the Fund's maximum liability under the applicable position or contract or will otherwise be offset in accordance with Section 18 of the 1940 Act. Short-term debt securities and money market instruments include shares of fixed income or money market mutual funds, commercial paper, certificates of deposit, bankers' acceptances,
FOOTNOTE 18 The Fund may enter into repurchase agreements with banks and broker-dealers. A repurchase agreement is an agreement under which securities are acquired by a fund from a securities dealer or bank, subject to resale at an agreed-upon price on a later date. The acquiring fund bears a risk of loss in the event that the other party to a repurchase agreement defaults on its obligations and the fund is delayed or prevented from exercising its rights to dispose of the collateral securities. END FOOTNOTE
In addition to the investments described above, and in a manner consistent with its investment objective, the Fund may invest a limited portion of its net assets in high-quality, short-term debt securities and money market instruments for cash management purposes. /19/
FOOTNOTE 19 The Fund may invest in shares of money market mutual funds to the extent permitted by the 1940 Act. END FOOTNOTE
The Fund will attempt to limit counterparty risk in non-cleared swap, forward, and OTC option contracts by entering into such contracts only with counterparties the Adviser believes are creditworthy and by limiting the Fund's exposure to each counterparty. The Adviser will monitor the creditworthiness of each counterparty and the Fund's exposure to each counterparty on an ongoing basis. /20/
FOOTNOTE 20 The Fund will seek, where possible, to use counterparties, as applicable, whose financial status is such that the risk of default is reduced; however, the risk of losses resulting from default is still possible. The Adviser will evaluate the creditworthiness of counterparties on an ongoing basis. In addition to information provided by credit agencies, the Adviser will evaluate each approved counterparty using various methods of analysis, such as, for example, the counterparty's liquidity in the event of default, the counterparty's reputation, the Adviser's past experience with the counterparty, and the counterparty's share of market participation. END FOOTNOTE
The Exchange represents that the Fund's investments in swaps, futures contracts, forward contracts, and options will be consistent with the Fund's investment objective and with the requirements of the 1940 Act. /21/
FOOTNOTE 21 To limit the potential risk associated with such transactions, the Fund will segregate or "earmark" assets determined to be liquid by the Adviser in accordance with procedures established by the Trust's
4. Investment Restrictions of the Fund
To the extent the Index concentrates (i.e., holds 25% or more of its total assets) in the securities of a particular industry or group of industries, the Fund will concentrate its investments to approximately the same extent as the Index.
The Fund may hold up to an aggregate amount of 15% of its net assets in assets (calculated at the time of investment) deemed illiquid by the Adviser, consistent with Commission guidance. /22/ The Fund will monitor its portfolio liquidity on an ongoing basis to determine whether, in light of current circumstances, an adequate level of liquidity is being maintained and will consider taking appropriate steps in order to maintain adequate liquidity if, through a change in values, net assets, or other circumstances, more than 15% of the Fund's net assets are held in illiquid assets. Illiquid assets include securities subject to contractual or other restrictions on resale and other instruments that lack readily available markets as determined in accordance with Commission staff guidance.
FOOTNOTE 22 In reaching liquidity decisions, the Adviser may consider the following factors: The frequency of trades and quotes for the security; the number of dealers wishing to purchase or sell the security and the number of other potential purchasers; dealer undertakings to make a market in the security; and the nature of the security and the nature of the marketplace in which it trades (e.g., the time needed to dispose of the security, the method of soliciting offers, and the mechanics of transfer). END FOOTNOTE
The Fund may make secured loans of its portfolio securities; however, securities loans will not be made if, as a result, the aggregate amount of all outstanding securities loans by the Fund exceeds 33 1/3% of its total assets (including the market value of collateral received). To the extent the Fund engages in securities lending, securities loans will be made to broker-dealers that the Adviser believes to be of relatively high credit standing pursuant to agreements requiring that the loans continuously be collateralized by cash, liquid securities, or shares of other investment companies with a value at least equal to the market value of the loaned securities.
The Fund will be classified as a "non-diversified" investment company under the 1940 Act and intends to qualify for, and to elect treatment as, a separate regulated investment company under Subchapter M of the Internal Revenue Code. The Exchange represents that the Fund's investments will be consistent with its investment objective and will not be used to provide multiple returns of a benchmark or to produce leveraged returns.
II. Proceedings to Determine Whether To Approve or Disapprove SR-NASDAQ-2014-038 and Grounds for Disapproval Under Consideration
The Commission is instituting proceedings pursuant to Section 19(b)(2)(B) of the Act /23/ to determine whether the proposed rule change should be approved or disapproved. Institution of such proceedings is appropriate at this time in view of the legal and policy issues raised by the proposed rule change. Institution of proceedings does not indicate that the Commission has reached any conclusions with respect to any of the issues involved. Rather, as described below, the Commission seeks and encourages interested persons to provide comments on the proposed rule change.
FOOTNOTE 23 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(2)(B). END FOOTNOTE
Pursuant to Section 19(b)(2)(B) of the Act, /24/ the Commission is providing notice of the grounds for disapproval under consideration. The Commission is instituting proceedings to allow for additional analysis of the proposed rule change's consistency with Section 6(b)(5) of the Act, which requires, among other things, that the rules of a national securities exchange be "designed to prevent fraudulent and manipulative acts and practices, to promote just and equitable principles of trade," and "to protect investors and the public interest." /25/
FOOTNOTE 24 Id. END FOOTNOTE
FOOTNOTE 25 15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(5). END FOOTNOTE
III. Procedure: Request for Written Comments
The Commission requests that interested persons provide written submissions of their views, data, and arguments with respect to the issues identified above, as well as any other concerns they may have with the proposal. In particular, the Commission invites the written views of interested persons concerning whether the proposal is consistent with Section 6(b)(5) or any other provision of the Act, or the rules and regulations thereunder. Although there do not appear to be any issues relevant to approval or disapproval that would be facilitated by an oral presentation of views, data, and arguments, the Commission will consider, pursuant to Rule 19b-4, any request for an opportunity to make an oral presentation. /26/
FOOTNOTE 26 Section 19(b)(2) of the Act, as amended by the Securities Act Amendments of 1975, Public Law 94-29 (
Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and arguments regarding whether the proposal should be approved or disapproved by
The Commission asks that commenters address the sufficiency of the Exchange's statements in support of the proposal, which are set forth in the Notice, /27/ as modified by Amendment Nos. 1 and 2 to the proposed rule change, in addition to any other comments they may wish to submit about the proposed rule change. In particular, the Commission seeks comment on the following:
FOOTNOTE 27 See supra note 3. END FOOTNOTE
1. Because the Index is designed to reflect changes in market expectations of future dividend growth, rather than to track actual dividend growth, is the Fund's investment strategy fundamentally based on an assumption that the options markets systemically underprice dividend growth? What are commenters' views regarding whether investors would be able to understand the strategy, risks, potential rewards, assumptions, and expected performance of the Fund's strategy?
2. With respect to the trading of the Shares on the Exchange, do commenters believe that the Exchange's rules governing sales practices are adequately designed to ensure the suitability of recommendations regarding the Shares? Why or why not? If not, should the Exchange's rules governing sales practices be enhanced? If so, in what ways?
3. How closely do commenters think the market price of the Shares will track the Fund's intraday indicative value ("IIV") or the intraday value of the Index? Are certain of these values likely to be more volatile than others? If so, how would this affect trading in the Shares? Are the Shares likely to trade with a significant premium or discount to IIV? What are commenters' views of how effectively the IIV of the Fund would represent the Fund's portfolio? What are commenters' views of how the Shares' market price, the Fund's IIV, and the intraday value of the Index will relate to one another during times of market stress?
4. Does the liquidity of the long-dated options in which the Fund will invest differ materially from that of the short-dated options in which the Fund will invest? If so, how would that affect the ability of market makers to engage in arbitrage or to hedge their positions while making a market in the Shares? Would the liquidity characteristics of the Index components or of the options in the Fund's portfolio affect the calculation of the Index value, the calculation of the Fund's IIV, the calculation of the Fund's NAV, or the ability of market makers or other market participants to value the Shares? If so, how?
Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods:
* Use the Commission's Internet comment form (http://www.sec.gov/rules/sro.shtml); or
* Send an email to email@example.com. Please include File Number SR-NASDAQ-2014-038 on the subject line.
* Send paper comments in triplicate to Secretary,
All submissions should refer to File Numbers SR-NASDAQ-2014-038. This file number should be included on the subject line if email is used. To help the Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on the Commission's Internet Web site (http://www.sec.gov/rules/sro.shtml). Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for Web site viewing and printing in the
For the Commission, by the
FOOTNOTE 28 17 CFR 200.30-3(a)(57). END FOOTNOTE
Kevin M. O'Neill,
[FR Doc. 2014-18389 Filed 8-4-14;
BILLING CODE 8011-01-P
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