Reports Outline Bioenergy Study Results from National Institute of Technology (Characterization of Liquid Product Obtained by Pyrolysis of Cottonseed De-Oiled Cake)
By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Energy Weekly News -- Investigators publish new report on Bioenergy. According to news reporting from Rourkela, India, by VerticalNews journalists, research stated, "Agricultural wastes such as de-oiled cakes are the few examples of biomass which can be utilized in the biomass-to-energy conversion processes. In the present work, thermal pyrolysis of cottonseed de-oiled cake was performed in a semi-batch reactor at a temperature range of 300 degrees C to 600 degrees C and at a heating rate of 20 degrees C/min."
The news correspondents obtained a quote from the research from the National Institute of Technology, "The maximum yield of oil was 45.6% by weight at the temperature of 550 degrees C. The FTIR analysis of liquid product indicates the presence of functional groups such as nitriles, alkenes, alkanes, nitro compounds, alcohols, ethers, carboxylic acids, esters and phenyl ring substitution bands. The composition of the liquid product was analyzed using GC-MS and found that the main constituents were oleic acid, n-hexadecanoic acid, 9,12-octadecadienoic acid and octadecanoic acid. The obtained liquid product can be used as a valuable chemicals feedstock. The physical properties of the liquid obtained were close to that of petroleum fractions."
According to the news reporters, the research concluded: "The pyrolysis char can be used as an adsorbent as well as a solid fuel due to its high calorific value."
For more information on this research see: Characterization of Liquid Product Obtained by Pyrolysis of Cottonseed De-Oiled Cake. Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy, 2014;8(3):338-343. Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy can be contacted at: Amer Scientific Publishers, 26650 The Old Rd, Ste 208, Valencia, CA 91381-0751, USA. (American Scientific Publishers - www.aspbs.com/)
Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting V.K. Singh, Natl Inst Technol, Dept. of Chem Engn, Rourkela 769008, Orissa, India. Additional authors for this research include A.B. Soni, S. Kumar and R.K. Singh.
Keywords for this news article include: Asia, India, Rourkela, Bioenergy
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