News Column

Patent Issued for Method and Apparatus for Delivering Combined Electrical and Drug Therapies

August 25, 2014



By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Cardiovascular Week -- A patent by the inventor Chan, Gregory W. (Fairfield, CA), filed on June 25, 2009, was published online on August 12, 2014, according to news reporting originating from Alexandria, Virginia, by NewsRx correspondents (see also Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc.).

Patent number 8805492 is assigned to Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc. (St. Paul, MN).

The following quote was obtained by the news editors from the background information supplied by the inventors: "The heart is the center of a person's circulatory system. It includes an electro-mechanical system performing two major pumping functions. The left portions of the heart draw oxygenated blood from the lungs and pump it to the organs of the body to provide the organs with their metabolic needs for oxygen. The right portions of the heart draw deoxygenated blood from the organs and pump it into the lungs where the blood gets oxygenated. The pumping functions are accomplished by contractions of the myocardium (heart muscles). In a normal heart, the sinoatrial node, the heart's natural pacemaker, generates electrical impulses, known as action potentials, that propagate through an electrical conduction system to various regions of the heart to excite myocardial tissues in these regions. Coordinated delays in the propagations of the action potentials in a normal electrical conduction system cause the various regions of the heart to contract in synchrony such that the pumping functions are performed efficiently.

"A blocked or otherwise damaged electrical conduction system causes the myocardium to contract at a rhythm that is too slow, too fast, and/or irregular. Such an abnormal rhythm is generally known as arrhythmia. Arrhythmia reduces the heart's pumping efficiency and hence, diminishes the blood flow to the body. A deteriorated myocardium has decreased contractility, also resulting in diminished blood flow. A heart failure patient usually suffers from both a damaged electrical conduction system and a deteriorated myocardium. The diminished blood flow results in insufficient blood supply to various body organs, preventing these organs to function properly and causing various symptoms.

"Various electrical therapies are available to treat cardiac disorders such as various types of arrhythmias and heart failure. These electrical therapies, including pacing and defibrillation therapies, are delivered to various locations of the heart. Various drug therapies are also available to treat cardiac disorders. Some drugs are most efficient or effective when directly applied to the heart, such as to a cardiac region where a disorder originates.

"When properly combined, electrical and drug therapies may benefit a patient to an extent beyond what is achievable by either drug therapy or electrical therapy alone. In many circumstances, the electrical and drug therapies are most effective when delivered to specific target regions. Thus, there is a need for a system to perform localized delivery of combined electrical and drug therapies."

In addition to the background information obtained for this patent, NewsRx journalists also obtained the inventor's summary information for this patent: "A CRM system includes an implantable medical device that delivers combined electrical and drug therapies. The implantable medical device includes a drug reservoir that is refillable after implantation.

"In one embodiment, a CRM system includes an implantable medical device that includes a pulse output circuit, a drug delivery device, an implant controller, and an implantable housing. The pulse output circuit delivers electrical pulses to a heart. The drug delivery device includes a drug reservoir adapted to contain a drug and a reservoir filling port. The implant controller controls the delivery of the electrical pulses and the drug. The implantable housing contains the pulse output circuit, the drug delivery device, and the implant controller. The reservoir filling port is constructed on the implantable housing and includes a self-resealable portion that allows filling of the drug reservoir using a hollow needle.

"In another embodiment, a CRM system includes an implantable pulse generator and an implantable drug delivery device fastened to the implantable pulse generator. The implantable pulse generator, which delivers electrical pulses to a heart, includes a pulse generator circuit and an implantable housing that encapsulates the pulse generator circuit. The implantable drug delivery device, which delivers a drug, includes a drug reservoir, an implantable housing, and a reservoir filling port. The drug reservoir contains the drug. The implantable housing of the implantable drug delivery device encapsulates portions of a structure for drug delivery including the drug reservoir. The reservoir filling port is constructed on the implantable housing of the implantable drug delivery device. The reservoir filling port includes a self-resealable portion that allows filling of the drug reservoir using a hollow needle. The two implantable housings are fastened to each other.

"In one embodiment, a medical device assembly is provided for use with an implantable CRM device. The medical device assembly includes an implantable drug delivery device and means for fastening the implantable drug delivering device to the implantable CRM device. The implantable drug delivery device includes a drug reservoir, an implantable housing, and a reservoir filling port. The drug reservoir contains the drug. The implantable housing, which contains portions of a structure of the implantable drug delivery device including the drug reservoir, is configured to be attached to the implantable CRM device. The reservoir filling port is constructed on the implantable housing and includes a self-resealable portion that allows filling of the drug reservoir using a hollow needle.

"In one embodiment, a method for making an implantable CRM system is provided. A pulse generator circuit is provided to deliver electrical pulses to one or more electrodes. A drug delivery device including a drug reservoir is also provided. The pulse generator circuit and the drug delivery device are encapsulated using an implantable housing. A self-resealable reservoir filling port is incorporated onto the implantable housing to allow filling of the drug reservoir using a hollow needle.

"In one embodiment, a method for making an implantable medical device is provided. An implantable pulse generator is provided. The implantable pulse generator includes an implantable pulse generator housing. An implantable drug delivery device is also provided. The implantable drug delivery device includes a drug reservoir, an implantable drug delivery device housing, and a self-resealable reservoir filling port. The self-resealable reservoir filling port is constructed on the implantable drug delivery device housing to allow filling of the drug reservoir using a hollow needle. The implantable drug delivery device housing is fastened to the implantable pulse generator housing.

"This Summary is an overview of some of the teachings of the present application and not intended to be an exclusive or exhaustive treatment of the present subject matter. Further details about the present subject matter are found in the detailed description and appended claims. Other aspects of the invention will be apparent to persons skilled in the art upon reading and understanding the following detailed description and viewing the drawings that form a part thereof, each of which are not to be taken in a limiting sense. The scope of the present invention is defined by the appended claims and their equivalents."

URL and more information on this patent, see: Chan, Gregory W.. Method and Apparatus for Delivering Combined Electrical and Drug Therapies. U.S. Patent Number 8805492, filed June 25, 2009, and published online on August 12, 2014. Patent URL: http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=8805492.PN.&OS=PN/8805492RS=PN/8805492

Keywords for this news article include: Cardiology, Cardiac Pacemakers Inc..

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Source: Cardiovascular Week


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