Several of these items are for use in ESA research and are featured studies as part of German astronaut
The astronaut will use the joystick to play simple Pong-style computer games. Pong is a simulated table tennis video game. Readings from these space games and follow-up questionnaires will provide a better understanding of human motor control when exposed to weightlessness and how feedback feels during a long-duration spaceflight.
The ESA-Haptics-1 experiment is part of ESA's Multipurpose End-To-End Robotic Operations Network (METERON) investigation. The study's goal is to validate technology for future human exploration missions during which an astronaut in orbit would control a robot as it explores its target, such as an asteroid or Mars. The remote operation techniques developed for METERON may lead to uses on Earth in telemedicine and for operating robots in hazardous environments, such as in handling radioactive material or working in a nuclear power plant after a leak.
Future space fashion designers may take note of ESA's Spacetex investigation, which seeks to analyze the interaction between the body, clothing and climate in space. In microgravity, sweat tends to stay where it forms on the body due to surface tension trapping the moisture. This prevents evaporation of the moisture, which is what helps cool the skin on Earth. This may create a physiological strain on the body. To counteract this loss of the body's cooling mechanism, researchers study unique textiles and adapt them for use in space.
Specifically, scientists will test textiles made by
New Laser InfraRed Imaging Sensors, or
Previously, the ATV optical guidance system used satellite navigation at long range and optical sensors on final approach to the space station. This system bounced light off strategically placed reflectors mounted on the aft end of the station's Zvezda Service Module. The
The zebrafish is an important model organism used for scientific research and is notable for its regenerative capabilities. Model organisms such as plants, animals or microbes like yeast, are used to study the influence of microgravity on cells. Taking these organisms to space allows for examination of growth and development and physiological, psychological and aging processes without the impact of gravity.
Results from the Zebrafish Muscle investigation may help identify molecular changes involved in the deterioration of muscles exposed to microgravity. This data can help scientists develop new treatments for weakened muscles. The findings could potentially benefit patients on extended bed rest or with limited mobility, for instance. In addition, this information would aid researchers in developing countermeasures for muscle weakness in astronauts living in microgravity during extended missions.
As with most cargo resupply spacecraft, with the exception of SpaceX's Dragon, the ATV-5 will burn up upon re-entry to Earth's atmosphere after its departure from the space station. However, this time the fiery return will be recorded from the inside of spacecraft by an infrared camera, and the imagery will be transmitted to a satellite. Engineers will collect this data to test future computer models that will perform the final re-entry of the space station once it is decommissioned from orbit. From the big-bang theory to its big science bang in microgravity, ATV-5 will truly light up the sky on its space station mission.
International Space Station Program Science and
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