The report, At the mercy of the government (http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/AFR44/017/2014/en), finds that the residents of Badia East whose homes were bulldozed on
"It is an outrage that a community, left destitute by the actions of the
"The bulldozing of hundreds of houses and businesses destroyed livelihoods and rendered thousands homeless. The subsequent failure to provide an effective remedy has only compounded victims' misery pushing them deeper into poverty."
The informal settlement of Badia East in
After mounting pressure the
The RAP failed to:
* provide options for adequate alternative housing or relocation to other sites;
* ensure that affected people were offered the support needed to restore their livelihoods and standard of living;
* ensure adequate compensation was given to those affected. Instead "financial assistance" which contained amounts unilaterally determined by the government and considered inadequate by affected people was offered. In addition, the
* give adequate attention to addressing the needs of all disadvantaged groups.
Despite these blatant failings the RAP was approved by the
Although some affected people asked for a full inspection of the case by the
"The RAP - and the process by which it was developed - failed to adhere to human rights standards and has not addressed the terrible impact of the forced evictions suffered by the already vulnerable community of Badia East," said
"It is imperative that the government of
"In addition the Nigerian government must impose a moratorium on mass evictions until it has adopted legislation to protect people from forced evictions, which are illegal under international law."
In Badia East, none of the legal and procedural safeguards that are required under international human rights law and standards in relation to evictions was observed. There was no genuine consultation with the affected people to identify alternatives to eviction. The government failed to provide adequate notice, legal remedies, alternative housing for those unable to provide for themselves or compensation for the loss of property. The demolitions in Badia East constituted a forced eviction which violates the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), a treaty to which
Under international human rights standards, all people, including those who live in informal settlements, are entitled to an effective remedy when their rights are violated.
The right to adequate housing and security of the person and home are basic tenets of human rights law.
The conditions included the following: that the government makes an "upward review" of the compensation package in the future; that all structure owners be given the right of first refusal in the housing scheme the government wants to build on the land cleared; and that the RAP is implemented as soon as possible.
The government rejected the community's conditional acceptance of the compensation offer and the community was left with the option of accepting the reduced compensation package unconditionally.
Badia East is one of many communities across
Click here for a copy of the report - At the mercy of the government: Violations of the right to effective remedy in Badia East, Lagos State,
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