Giving the keynote speech at the annual
"The question is how one develops strategies that counter the prevailing dominance extractive economic and political institutional model? What triggers such a process of change in political culture? Who are the players to make it happen? The concept of citizenship has yet to take root in post-colonial
Joseph Mubiru was the first black Governor the BOU.
She said citizens in most countries are treated as voting fodder for those in power to retain their positions regardless of their performance in government.
Ramphele who is also a political activist in
"These are the hallmarks of extractive politics," she said.
She said, "Even the vote is reduced to a tradable good rather than a tool for citizens to use to hold those in power accountable by rewarding and punishing governments on the basis of their performance in promoting prosperity for all."
She said citizens as shareholders of their nations have a responsibility not only to themselves and their interests, but to future generations.
"Just as shareholders are inducted into their roles as custodians of the prosperity of the companies they own, so too should
"History teaches us that although vicious cycles of extractive institutions are not easy to break, it can and has been done. At the heart of such a transformation process is the citizen as the actor in history.
She said the unfortunate, though understandable reaction of these talented Africans, has been to quit and seek greener pastures elsewhere.
"The confluence of factors needed for change often presents itself at unexpected moments, but citizens who desire change must also be willing to take the risk to create the environment for change," she said.
"For example, teachers, business people, faith based leaders and other civic-minded people have many opportunities to raise the bar in their day to day engagements.
"Such engagements are particularly important with young people about what citizens should expect of their governments and public servants,"
While at the
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