As used in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, references to "we," "us," "our"
or similar terms include SQN AIF IV, L.P.
The following is a discussion of our current financial position and results of operations. This discussion should be read together with the financial statements and notes in our Form 10-K, filed on
Certain statements within this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q may constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 ("PSLRA"). These statements are being made pursuant to the PSLRA, with the intention of obtaining the benefits of the "safe harbor" provisions of the PSLRA, and, other than as required by law, we assume no obligation to update or supplement such statements. Forward-looking statements are those that do not relate solely to historical fact. They include, but are not limited to, any statement that may predict, forecast, indicate or imply future results, performance, achievements or events. You can identify these statements by the use of words such as "may," "will," "could," "anticipate," "believe," "estimate," "expect," "intend," "predict," "continue," "further," "seek," "plan," or "project" and variations of these words or comparable words or phrases of similar meaning. These forward-looking statements reflect our current beliefs and expectations with respect to future events and are based on assumptions and are subject to risks and uncertainties and other factors outside our control that may cause actual results to differ materially from those projected. We undertake no obligation to update publicly or review any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise.
We were organized as a
The General Partner of the Partnership is SQN AIF IV GP, LLC (the "General Partner"), a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Partnership's Investment Manager,
Our Investment Manager made a cash payment to us of
Our Offering period commenced on
We are currently in negotiations with additional Selling Dealers to offer our Units for sale. We have been approved for sale under Blue Sky regulations in 49 states and the
Our income, losses and distributions are allocated 99% to the Limited Partners and 1% to the General Partner until the Limited Partners have received total distributions equal to their capital contributions plus an 8% per year, compounded annually, cumulative return on their capital contributions. After such time, all distributable cash will be allocated 80% to the Limited Partners and 20% to the General Partner. We are currently in the Offering and Operating Period. The Offering Period expires the earlier of raising
During our Operating Period, which began on
During the six months ended
Our principal investment strategy is to invest in business-essential, revenue-producing (or cost-savings) equipment with high in-place value and long, relative to the investment term, economic life and project financings. We expect to achieve our investment strategy by making investments in equipment already subject to lease or originating equipment leases in such equipment, which will include: (i) purchasing equipment and leasing it to third-party end users; (ii) providing equipment and other asset financing; (iii) acquiring equipment subject to lease and (iv) acquiring ownership rights (residual value interests) in leased equipment at lease expiration. From time to time, we may also purchase equipment and sell it directly to our leasing customers.
Many of our investments will be structured as full payout or operating leases. Full payout leases generally are leases under which the rent over the initial term of the lease will return our invested capital plus an appropriate return without consideration of the residual value, and where the lessee may acquire the equipment or other assets at the expiration of the lease term. Operating leases generally are leases under which the aggregate non-cancelable rental payments during the original term of the lease, on a net present value basis, are not sufficient to recover the purchase price of the equipment or other assets leased under the lease.
We also intend to invest by way of participation agreements and residual sharing agreements where we would acquire an interest in a pool of equipment or other assets, or rights to the equipment or other assets, at a future date. We also may structure investments as project financings that are secured by, among other things, essential use equipment and/or assets. Finally, we may use other investment structures that our Investment Manager believes will provide us with the appropriate level of security, collateralization, and flexibility to optimize our return on our investment while protecting against downside risk, such as vendor and rental programs. In many cases, the structure will include us holding title to or a priority or controlling position in the equipment or other asset.
Although the final composition of our portfolio cannot be determined at this stage, we expect to invest in equipment and other assets that are considered essential use or core to a business or operation in the agricultural, energy, environmental, medical, manufacturing, technology, and transportation industries. Our Investment Manager may identify other assets or industries that meet our investment objectives. We expect to invest in equipment, other assets and project financings located primarily within
Recent Significant Transactions
Echo II Leases
Medical Equipment Financing
Mineral Processing Equipment Financing
Manufacturing Equipment Financing
Brake Manufacturing Equipment
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Refer to Part II Item 8. Financial Statements, Note 2 Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Recent Accounting Pronouncements in our financial statements included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the
Critical Accounting Policies
An understanding of our critical accounting policies is necessary to understand our financial results. The preparation of financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in
Lease Classification and Revenue Recognition
Each equipment lease we enter into is classified as either a finance lease or an operating lease, which is determined at lease inception, based upon the terms of each lease, or when there are significant changes to the lease terms. We capitalize initial direct costs associated with the origination and funding of lease assets. Initial direct costs include both internal costs (e.g., labor and overhead), if any, and external broker fees incurred with the lease origination. Costs related to leases that are not consummated are not eligible for capitalization as initial direct costs and are expensed as incurred as acquisition expense. For a finance lease, initial direct costs are capitalized and amortized over the lease term using the effective interest rate method. For an operating lease, the initial direct costs are included as a component of the cost of the equipment and depreciated over the lease term.
For finance leases, we record, at lease inception, the total minimum lease payments receivable from the lessee, the estimated unguaranteed residual value of the equipment at lease termination, the initial direct costs related to the lease, if any, and the related unearned income. Unearned income represents the difference between the sum of the minimum lease payments receivable, plus the estimated unguaranteed residual value, minus the cost of the leased equipment. Unearned income is recognized as finance income over the term of the lease using the effective interest rate method.
For operating leases, rental income is recognized on the straight-line basis over the lease term. Billed operating lease receivables are included in accounts receivable until collected. Accounts receivable is stated at its estimated net realizable value. Deferred revenue is the difference between the timing of the receivables billed and the income recognized on the straight-line basis.
Our Investment Manager has an investment committee that approves each new equipment lease and other project financing transaction. As part of its process, the investment committee determines the residual value, if any, to be used once the investment has been approved. The factors considered in determining the residual value include, but are not limited to, the creditworthiness of the potential lessee, the type of equipment considered, how the equipment is integrated into the potential lessee's business, the length of the lease and the industry in which the potential lessee operates. Residual values are reviewed for impairment in accordance with our impairment review policy.
The residual value assumes, among other things, that the asset will be utilized normally in an open, unrestricted and stable market. Short-term fluctuations in the marketplace are disregarded and it is assumed that there is no necessity either to dispose of a significant number of the assets, if held in quantity, simultaneously or to dispose of the asset quickly. The residual value is calculated using information from various external sources, such as trade publications, auction data, equipment dealers, wholesalers and industry experts, as well as inspection of the physical asset and other economic indicators.
Equipment Notes Receivable
Equipment notes receivable are reported in our balance sheets as the outstanding principal balance net of any unamortized deferred fees, premiums or discounts on purchased loans. Costs to originate loans, if any, are reported as other assets in our balance sheets. Income is recognized over the life of the note agreement. On certain equipment notes receivable, specific payment terms were reached requiring prepayments which resulted in the recognition of unearned interest income. Unearned income, discounts and premiums, if any, are amortized to interest income in the statements of operations using the effective interest rate method. Equipment notes receivable are generally placed in a non-accrual status when payments are more than 90 days past due. Additionally, the Investment Manager periodically reviews the creditworthiness of companies with payments outstanding less than 90 days. Based upon the Investment Manager's judgment, accounts may be placed in a non-accrual status. Accounts on a non-accrual status are only returned to an accrual status when the account has been brought current and we believe recovery of the remaining unpaid receivable is probable. Revenue on non-accrual accounts is recognized only when cash has been received.
The significant assets in our portfolio are periodically reviewed, no less frequently than annually or when indicators of impairment exist, to determine whether events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of an asset may not be recoverable. An impairment loss will be recognized only if the carrying value of a long-lived asset is not recoverable and exceeds its fair value. If there is an indication of impairment, we will estimate the future cash flows (undiscounted and without interest charges) expected from the use of the asset and its eventual disposition. Future cash flows are the future cash in-flows expected to be generated by an asset less the future out-flows expected to be necessary to obtain those in-flows. If an impairment is determined to exist, the impairment loss will be measured as the amount by which the carrying value of a long-lived asset exceeds its fair value and recorded in the statement of operations in the period the determination is made.
The events or changes in circumstances that generally indicate that an asset may be impaired are, (i) the estimated fair value of the underlying equipment is less than its carrying value, (ii) the lessee is experiencing financial difficulties and (iii) it does not appear likely that the estimated proceeds from the disposition of the asset will be sufficient to satisfy the residual position in the asset. The preparation of the undiscounted cash flows requires the use of assumptions and estimates, including the level of future rents, the residual value expected to be realized upon disposition of the asset, estimated downtime between re-leasing events and the amount of re-leasing costs. Our Investment Manager's review for impairment includes a consideration of the existence of impairment indicators including third-party appraisals, published values for similar assets, recent transactions for similar assets, adverse changes in market conditions for specific asset types and the occurrence of significant adverse changes in general industry and market conditions that could affect the fair value of the asset.
We record depreciation expense on equipment when the lease is classified as an operating lease. In order to calculate depreciation, we first determine the depreciable equipment cost, which is the cost less the estimated residual value. The estimated residual value is our estimate of the value of the equipment at lease termination. Depreciation expense is recorded by applying the straight-line method of depreciation to the depreciable equipment cost over the lease term.
Results of Operations for the three months ended
We are currently in both our Offering Period and our Operating Period. The Offering Period is designated as the period in which we raise capital from investors. During this period we expect to generate the majority of our cash in-flow from financing activities though the sale of our Units to investors. Through
We have also entered our Operating Period, which is defined as the period in which we invest the net proceeds from the Offering Period into business-essential, revenue-producing (or cost-saving) equipment and other physical assets with substantial economic lives and, in many cases, associated revenue streams. During this period we anticipate substantial cash out-flows from investing activities as we acquire leased equipment. We also expect our operating activities to generate cash in-flows during this time as we collect rental payments from the leased assets we acquire.
Our revenue for the three months ended
Three Months Ended Three Months Ended June 30, 2014 June 30, 2013 Revenue: Rental income $ 1,240,844 $ - Finance income 78,187 Interest income 576,743 129 Gain on sale of assets 3,113 - Other income - 1,000 Total Revenue $ 1,898,887 $ 1,129
For the three months ended
Our expenses for the three months ended
Three Months Ended Three Months Ended June 30, 2014 June 30, 2013 Expenses: Management fees - Investment Manager $ 375,000 $ 125,000 Depreciation and amortization 932,602 - Professional fees 131,734 16,500 Organizational costs - 20,000 Acquisition costs 1,443 - Administration expense 9,524 650 Interest expense 679,027 - Other expenses 17,433 - Foreign currency transaction gains (15,101 ) - Total Expenses $ 2,131,662 $ 162,150 20
For the three months ended
As a result of the factors discussed above we incurred a net loss for the three months ended
Results of Operations for the six months ended
Our revenue for the six months ended
Six Months Ended Six Months Ended June 30, 2014 June 30, 2013 Revenue: Rental income
$ 2,132,586$ - Finance income 78,187 Interest income 900,128 129 Gain on sale of assets 3,113 - Other income - 1,000 Total Revenue $ 3,114,014$ 1,129
For the six months ended
Our expenses for the six months ended
Six Months Ended Six Months Ended June 30, 2014 June 30, 2013 Expenses: Management fees - Investment Manager $ 750,000 $ 125,000 Depreciation and amortization 1,506,363 - Professional fees 189,734 16,500 Organizational costs - 20,000 Acquisition costs 28,532 - Administration expense 14,790 650 Interest expense 974,656 - Other expenses 19,057 - Foreign currency transaction gains (15,101 ) - Total Expenses
$ 3,468,031$ 162,150 21
For the six months ended
As a result of the factors discussed above we incurred a net loss for the six months ended
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Sources and Uses of Cash Six Months Ended June 30, 2014 Cash provided by (used in): Operating activities
$ 1,478,177Investing activities $ (10,680,821 )Financing activities $ 12,304,565Sources of Liquidity
We are currently in both our Offering Period and our Operating Period. The Offering Period is the time frame in which we raise capital contributions from investors through the sale of our Units. As such, we expect that during our Offering Period a substantial portion of our cash in-flows will be from financing activities. The Operating Period is the time frame in which we acquire equipment under lease or enter into other equipment financing transactions. During this time period we anticipate that a substantial portion of our cash out-flows will be for investing activities. We believe that the cash in-flows will be sufficient to finance our liquidity requirements for the foreseeable future, including quarterly distributions to our Limited Partners, general and administrative expenses, fees paid to our Investment Manager and new investment opportunities.
Cash provided by operating activities for the six months ended
22 Investing Activities
Cash used in investing activities was
Cash provided by financing activities for the six months ended
During our Operating Period, we intend to pay cash distributions on a quarterly basis to our Limited Partners at 1.625% per quarter, of each Limited Partners' capital contribution (pro-rated to the date of admission for each Limited Partner). The amount and rate of cash distributions could vary and are not guaranteed. During the six months ended
Commitments and Contingencies and Off-Balance Sheet Transactions
Commitment and Contingencies
Our income, losses and distributions are allocated 99% to our Limited Partners and 1% to our General Partner until the Limited Partners have received total distributions equal to each Limited Partners' capital contribution plus an 8%, compounded annually, cumulative return on each Limited Partners' capital contribution. After such time, income, losses and distributions will be allocated 80% to our Limited Partners and 20% to our General Partner.
We enter into contracts that contain a variety of indemnifications. Our maximum exposure under these arrangements is not known.
In the normal course of business, we enter into contracts of various types, including lease contracts, contracts for the sale or purchase of lease assets, and management contracts. It is prevalent industry practice for most contracts of any significant value to include provisions that each of the contracting parties, in addition to assuming liability for breaches of the representations, warranties, and covenants that are part of the underlying contractual obligations, to also assume an obligation to indemnify and hold the other contractual party harmless for such breaches, and for harm caused by such party's gross negligence and willful misconduct, including, in certain instances, certain costs and expenses arising from the contract. Generally, to the extent these contracts are performed in the ordinary course of business under the reasonable business judgment of our General Partner and our Investment Manager, no liability will arise as a result of these provisions. Should any such indemnification obligation become payable, we would separately record and/or disclose such liability in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in
Off-Balance Sheet Transactions
In conjunction with the Echo transactions, we appointed the seller of the equipment leases as its exclusive agent to remarket the equipment for us after the expiration of the existing lease terms. We will pay the seller a remarketing fee when remarketing proceeds are received. Remarketing proceeds are defined as the proceeds derived from the fixed or month to month extension of any existing lease, the proceeds from the sale of any equipment to the lessee, the proceeds from the sale or re-lease of any equipment to a third party other than the lessee in the event that such equipment is returned by the lessee, or any other proceeds received regarding the equipment.
During our Operating Period, we pay cash distributions on a quarterly basis to our Limited Partners at 1.625% per quarter, of each Limited Partners' capital contribution (pro-rated to the date of admission for each Limited Partner). The amount and rate of cash distributions could vary and are not guaranteed.
Subsequent Events Limited Partner Contributions