News Column

Researchers Submit Patent Application, "Motor Controller and Brushless Dc Motor Comprising the Same", for Approval

July 16, 2014



By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Electronics Newsweekly -- From Washington, D.C., VerticalNews journalists report that a patent application by the inventors WU, Yonghua (Zhongshan, CN); CHEN, Yunsheng (Zhongshan, CN); ZHAO, Yong (Zhongshan, CN); ZENG, Chongsheng (Zhongshan, CN); TANG, Songfa (Zhongshan, CN), filed on February 26, 2014, was made available online on July 3, 2014.

The patent's assignee is Zhongshan Broad-Ocean Motor Co., Ltd.

News editors obtained the following quote from the background information supplied by the inventors: "The invention relates to a motor controller and a brushless DC motor comprising the same.

"A typical controller for a brushless DC motor includes a control box, a circuit board, a dissipater, and an IGBT (Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor) module. The circuit board is arranged inside the control box, and the dissipater is arranged on an inner wall of the control box. The IGBT module is disposed on the dissipater and is in electric connection with the circuit board, and the dissipater and the control box directly contact with each other. Such a structure has a potential danger of electrical leakage and a poor insulating effect.

"The brushless DC motor includes a housing, a stator assembly, a rotor assembly, a front-end cover, a rear-end cover, a control box, and a circuit board. The stator assembly surrounds the rotor assembly, and the housing and the stator assembly are connected together. The front-end cover and the rear-end cover are disposed on two ends of the housing. The circuit board is disposed inside the control box, the control box is provided with a plurality of mounting holes, and the rear-end cover is provided with a plurality of threaded holes. A screw bar passes through the mounting hole and is inserted into the corresponding threaded hole for fixing the control box on the rear-end cover. A contact position between the mounting hole and the screw bar is sealed by a seal washer. However, when the motor is applied to an outdoor unit of an air-conditioner, the seal washer easily ages, and water easily penetrates into the motor and is difficult to be drained out, which results in short circuit of the motor and poor waterproof and drainage performance"

As a supplement to the background information on this patent application, VerticalNews correspondents also obtained the inventors' summary information for this patent application: "In view of the above-described problems, it is one objective of the invention to provide a motor controller and a brushless DC motor comprising the same. The motor controller comprises an IGBT module which is isolated safely, thereby effectively solving the problems of potential danger of electrical leakage of the controller and has a good insulating effect. The brushless DC motor of the invention effectively solves problems of water proof and drainage, and also has a simple structure, convenient assembly, and good waterproof and drainage performance.

"To achieve the above objective, in accordance with one embodiment of the invention, there is provided a motor controller. The structure comprises: a control box comprising an inner wall; a circuit board; a dissipater; an IGBT module; and an insulating piece. The circuit board is disposed inside the controller box. The dissipater is disposed on the inner wall of the control box. The IGBT module is disposed on the dissipater and is in electric connection with the circuit board. The insulating piece is disposed between the dissipater and the controller and prevents the dissipater from contacting with the control box.

"In a class of this embodiment, the dissipater is provided with a mounting hole. An insulting bush is disposed inside the mounting hole. A first screw passes through the control box and the insulating piece and is embedded inside the insulating bush for locking the dissipater.

"In a class of this embodiment, the insulating bush comprises two ends. A first end of the insulating bush is provided with a step, and the step is locked on an outer wall of the dissipater. A second end of the insulating bush is embedded in the mounting hole. A mounting groove is disposed inside the insulating bush close to the first end. A first screw is inserted into the mounting groove.

"In a class of this embodiment, the insulating bush is formed inside the mounting hole of the dissipater by injection molding.

"In a class of this embodiment, the IGBT modules are disposed on two lateral sides of each of the dissipaters and locked by second screws, respectively.

"In a class of this embodiment, the circuit board comprises a plurality of unit circuits. The unit circuits comprises: a power circuit, a microprocessor unit, a rotor position detection unit, a power inverter unit, an overcurrent detection unit, and an overvoltage detection unit. The power circuit supplies electric power to each circuit. The overcurrent detection unit, the overvoltage detection unit, and the rotor position detection unit input detection signals to the microprocessor unit. The microprocessor unit sends control signals to the power inverter unit.

"In accordance with another embodiment of the invention, there is provided a brushless DC motor, comprising: a housing, the housing comprising two ends; a stator assembly; a rotor assembly; a front-end cover; a rear-end cover, the rear-end cover comprising a plurality of threaded holes and a water channel; the control box, the control box comprising: an inner wall, a plurality of positioning holes, and an end comprising an water outlet; the circuit board; the dissipater; the IGBT module; and the insulating piece. The stator assembly is disposed inside the housing; the rotor assembly is disposed on a bearing of the front-end cover and the rear-end cover and is inserted into the stator assembly. The front-end cover and the rear-end cover are disposed on the two ends of the housing, respectively. The circuit board is arranged inside the control box; the dissipater is disposed on the inner wall of the control box. The IGBT module is disposed on the dissipater and is in electric connection with the circuit board. The positioning holes are disposed on the control box; the threaded holes are disposed on the rear-end cover. A screw bar passes through each positioning hole and is inserted into corresponding threaded hole for fixing the control box on the rear-end cover. The insulating piece is arranged between the dissipater and the control box for preventing the dissipater from directly contacting with the control box. The water channel is arranged on the rear-end cover outside the threaded hole, the water outlet is arranged on the end of the control box, and the water channel communicates with the water outlet.

"In a class of this embodiment, a bottom surface of the control box outside the positioning hole is convex downwardly to form a first lug boss. A bottom of the water channel outside the threaded hole is convex to form a second lug boss. The rear-end cover is provided with a wire hole; and the end surface of the rear-end cover outside the wire hole is convex to form a third lug boss.

"In a class of this embodiment, a plurality of fourth lug bosses are arranged along a periphery of a top surface of the rear-end cover, a screw hole is disposed in each fourth lug boss; and a division channel is disposed outside the fourth lug boss.

"Advantages of the invention are summarized as follows:

"1) The arrangement of the insulating piece between the dissipater and the control box prevents the dissipater from directly contacting with the control box. The structure is simple, the potential danger of electrical leakage of the control box is effectively eliminated, and the insulating effect is good.

"2) The mounting holes comprising the insulating bush are arranged on the dissipater. The first screw passes the control box and the insulating piece and is inserted into the insulating bush for locking the dissipater. A good insulating property is obtained by using the insulating bush to separate the first screw from the dissipater.

"3) The unit circuits are all integrated on the single circuit board. The structure is simple and compact, and the circuits are highly integrated with a low production cost.

"4) The water channel disposed on the rear end cover outside the threaded hole communicates with the water outlet disposed on the end of the control box. The water penetrated into the control box via the positioning hole is introduced into the water channel along the screw bar, and drained out of the motor via the water outlet. Meanwhile, the water channel is also capable of preventing the water of the water outlet from entering the control box, thereby solving problems of the waterproof and drainage property of the motor. The structure is simple, the assembly is convenient, and the waterproof and drainage effect are good.

"5) The bottom surface of the control box outside the positioning hole is convex downwardly to form the first lug boss. The first lug boss is higher than the circuit board of the control box, thereby ensuring that the water will neither penetrate into the circuit board nor affect the function of the control box. The bottom of the water channel outside the threaded hole is convex to form the second lug boss for preventing the water in the water channel from entering the threaded hole and from affecting the assembly and disassembly of the control box. The rear-end cover is provided with the wire hole; and the end surface of the rear-end cover outside the wire hole is convex to form the third lug boss. The third lug boss is higher than the end surface, so that the water will not enter the motor via the wire hole, thereby avoiding the short circuit of the motor and ensuring the common operation of the motor.

"6) The fourth lug bosses are arranged along the periphery of the top surface of the rear-end cover, the screw hole is disposed in each fourth lug boss; and the division channel is disposed outside the fourth lug boss. The fourth lug boss is higher than the spigot. The water is prevented from entering the motor body so that the common operation of the motor is ensured.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

"The invention is described hereinbelow with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

"FIG. 1 is a stereogram of a motor controller in accordance with one embodiment of the invention;

"FIG. 2 is an exploded view of a motor controller in accordance with one embodiment of the invention;

"FIG. 3 is a structure diagram of a motor controller in accordance with Example 1;

"FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken from part A-A of FIG. 3;

"FIG. 5 is a structure diagram of a motor controller in accordance with Example 2;

"FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view taken from part B-B of FIG. 5;

"FIG. 7 is an exploded view of a dissipater and a IGBT module in accordance with one embodiment of the invention;

"FIG. 8 is a circuit diagram of a motor controller in accordance with one embodiment of the invention;

"FIG. 9 is a stereogram of a brushless DC motor in accordance with one embodiment of the invention;

"FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view of a brushless DC motor in accordance with one embodiment of the invention;

"FIG. 11 is an enlarged view of part XI of FIG. 10;

"FIG. 12 is an exploded view of a brushless DC motor in accordance with one embodiment of the invention;

"FIG. 13 is an enlarged view of part XIII of FIG. 12; and

"FIG. 14 is an enlarged view of part XIV of FIG. 12."

For additional information on this patent application, see: WU, Yonghua; CHEN, Yunsheng; ZHAO, Yong; ZENG, Chongsheng; TANG, Songfa. Motor Controller and Brushless Dc Motor Comprising the Same. Filed February 26, 2014 and posted July 3, 2014. Patent URL: http://appft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-adv.html&r=6081&p=122&f=G&l=50&d=PG01&S1=20140626.PD.&OS=PD/20140626&RS=PD/20140626

Keywords for this news article include: Electronics, Circuit Board, Microprocessors, Zhongshan Broad-Ocean Motor Co. Ltd.

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Source: Electronics Newsweekly


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