The patent's assignee is
News editors obtained the following quote from the background information supplied by the inventors: "This invention relates generally to organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), and more particularly to a method of incorporating a structurally integrated black photo stripe over the OLED based sensor stripe for uniquely eliminating scattered light produced from the sensor stripe during testing, diagnostics and functioning of the display.
"The newest generation of chip and display designs incorporates a side sensor stripe therein. It is customary for the sensor stripe to be arranged vertical to the active area and built into the foundry design. The stripe is a column of pixels that light up during testing, diagnostics, and functioning of the display.
"The peripheral light emitted by the sensor stripe is outside of the active display area and not desired by the customer. The present invention seeks to eliminate the presence of this undesirable scattered light by covering it up using a photolithographic align, expose, and develop process referred to as black photo stripe. The process utilizes a photosensitive black resist material.
"Unfortunately, incorporating the black photo stripe process with the standard red, green, blue (RGB) photolithography processing has adverse outcomes and effects.
"The current standard process of record for providing color filter over OLED, as shown in FIG. 1, is by first applying RGB stripes as individual photolithography steps over the 0.5 micron layer 16 (5000 angstroms) of parylene, seal 18 and OLED layers 20. A top layer 12 of parylene, of 1.0 micron thickness, is arranged over the RGB color filter stack 14.
"Two primary methods attempted to incorporate the black photo stripe with the display architecture. The first method is to put the black photo stripe on the parylene surface layer 16 first, followed by the RGB color stripes. However, the results were not optimal and caused problems with the red, green, blue color expose and develop. Specifically, the frame design of the black photo stripe caused a lip (height) around the edge of the display that measured approximately 1 micron. The color material of the RGB does not develop out properly around this lip and causes tearing, cracking and lifting of the RGB color lines along the perimeter of the display.
"The second method is to put the black photo stripe directly over the RGB color lines. This proves unsuccessful as well. The black resist used for the photo stripe requires a developer with a different surfactant and chemistry that is incompatible with the current RGB material. This results in lifting areas of the RGB color stripes already in place. Also, the pigmentation of the black material makes it harder to develop and wash off from on top of the RGB, such that when black residuals are not removed, it compromises the color integrity of the display.
"While these solutions may be suitable for the particular purpose employed, or for general use, they would not be as suitable for the purposes of the present invention as disclosed hereafter.
"It is, therefore, a primary object of the present invention to incorporate a black photo stripe into display architecture without causing infraction to the RGB color process from either directly under or directly over it.
"It is another object of the present invention to provide a process for sandwiching the black photo stripe layer between parylene layers such that the thin film post organic stack architecture remains the same while the display device provides an increase in yield.
"It is another object of the present invention to provide a process that ensures there are no black residuals remaining on the surface of the RGB color stripes.
"It is another object of the present invention to provide a process that decreases cycle time without having to utilize prior art methods of metal liftoff sensor stripe cover-ups."
As a supplement to the background information on this patent application, VerticalNews correspondents also obtained the inventor's summary information for this patent application: "In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, a photolithographic process incorporates a method for blocking light within an OLED display. Preferably, the light blocking method is a sensor stripe. The process comprises sandwiching a photosensitive black resist material between two polymeric layers arranged above an OLED display stack. Ideally, the polymeric layers are parylene layers are of equal thickness.
"In accordance with an additional embodiment, an organic light-emitting diode display comprises an OLED stack, multiple polymeric layers, preferably parylene, a red green blue color filter layer, and a sensor means. Here, the sensor means eliminates scattered light by providing a black photo stripe sandwiched between two parylene layers within the OLED display. It is preferable to have the parylene layers of equal thickness.
"In accordance with an additional embodiment, an organic light-emitting diode display includes an OLED stack and a seal layer arranged on the OLED stack. Next, a first polymeric layer is arranged on the seal layer and then red, green and blue color filter subpixels are arranged on the first polymeric layer. Thereafter, a second polymeric layer is arranged on the color filter subpixels. Finally, a black photo stripe layer is arranged on the second polymeric layer and a third polymeric layer is included. Preferably, the first, second and third polymeric layers, ideally parylene layers, are of equal thickness and the black photo stripe layer is a photosensitive black resist material.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE SEVERAL VIEWS OF THE DRAWINGS
"To these and to such other objects that may hereinafter appear, the present invention relates to incorporating a black photo stripe into the display architecture without causing infraction to the RGB color process as described in detail in the following specification and recited in the annexed claims, taken together with the accompanying drawings, in which like numerals refer to like parts in which:
"FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the display architecture of the prior art, wherein a customary process of color filter over OLED is implemented; and
"FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the display architecture of the present invention, wherein a black photo stripe is incorporated into the display architecture by sandwiching the black photo stripe layer between polymeric layers.
"To the accomplishment of the above and related objects the invention may be embodied in the form illustrated in the accompanying drawings. Attention is called to the fact, however, that the drawings are illustrative only. Variations are contemplated as being part of the invention, limited only by the scope of the claims."
For additional information on this patent application, see:
Keywords for this news article include: Electronics, Photolithography,
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