Global economic activity should strengthen in the second half of the year and accelerate in 2015, although momentum could be weaker than expected, International Monetary Fund Managing Director
Lagarde said central banks' accommodative policies may have only limited impact on demand and that countries should boost growth by investing in infrastructure, education and health, provided their debt stays sustainable.
The IMF's update of its global economic outlook, expected later this month, will be "very slightly different" from the forecasts published in April, she said. In April, the IMF had forecast that global output would grow by 3.6% in 2014 and 3.9% in 2015.
Lagarde made a plea for more public investment, saying the "investment deficit" in both the public and private sectors was dragging down growth in most countries.
Lagarde said several times in her speech that, although now could be the time for some countries to boost public investment, not all of them could afford to do so. The positive impact of public investment on growth could be strong enough to allow for some state projects without weighing on debt-to-GDP ratios, she said.
After a first quarter that was much more disappointing than expected, there was now a marked rebound in the U.S. economy, she said. Growth should accelerate, said Lagarde, as long as the Federal Reserve's withdrawal from its easy monetary policy is orderly and there is a precise medium-term budget framework.
The euro-zone is slowly coming out of recession and it is crucial that countries continue to carry out reforms, including completing the banking union, she said.
Lagarde said the IMF did not expect a "brutal" slowdown in
"Looking at emerging Asian countries, and in particular
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