The first ever retrospective of Alexander Calder, the artist who invented the mobile sculpture, as well as exhibitions of Jackson Pollock's late works and Barbara Hepworth's sculpture are among the highlights of the Tate's 2015 programme, announced today.
Alexander Calder: Performing Sculpture will trace the works of the groundbreaking sculptor, born in 1898, from his initial years entertaining the artistic bohemia of interwar Paris with works such as Calder's Circus, to his later life when he gained renown for his mobile and stabile sculptures.
The exhibition, which opens at Tate Modern in November and will run till spring 2016, will include a wide selection of Calder's motorised constructions and figurative wire portraits, often inspired by the circus or cabaret, alongside his suspended kinetic sculptures of vividly coloured shapes. It was these works of wire and sheet metal that are now seen as the invention of the mobile, a termed first coined by dada artist Marcel Duchamp.
The Tate Britain's summer show will also be dedicated to sculpture, with the first major exhibition of Cornish artist Barbara Hepworth for almost 50 years. Hepworth, born in 1903, was one of the most successful artists in the world during the 1950s and 60s. The Tate will chart her progress from small carvings made as an emerging artist to the magnificent bronzes that were celebrated across North America and the far east as well as in the UK. Among the 70 pieces on show will be rarely seen works by Hepworth, including textiles, drawings, collages and photograms.
This spring will see the Tate Modern host the most comprehensive exhibition of the works of South African painter Marlene Dumas ever held in Europe. Dumas has made her name with politically charged works, with figures such as Osama bin Laden and Amy Winehouse appearing in her paintings, as well as drawing on themes such as the adult-entertainment industry, religion and sexuality. The show, called The Image as Burden, opens in February and will bring together 100 of her paintings and drawings, experimental collages created since the 1970s, as well as her most recent canvases.
The Tate Modern will hope to build on the success of its 2014 programme, which included the critically acclaimed show Matisse: The Cut-outs, with an exhibition exploring the spirit of pop and pop art. The World Goes Pop will look at at how cultures and continents from Europe and Asia to the Middle East contributed and responded to the pop movement. It will feature the Austrian Kiki Kogelnik's 1962 antiwar sculpture Bombs in Love, as well as pieces by Icelandic artist ErrÓ, the Brazilian Claudio Tozzi and Japanese neo-dadaist Ushio Shinohara.
In 2015, Tate Liverpool will also stage a summer exhibition bringing together the late works of influential American artist Jackson Pollock, plus solo exhibitions by Romanian artist Geta Bratescu and the video-installation artist and Turner nominee Cathy Wilkes.